The dietary intake of children with IDDM

Greg A. Randecker, Helen Smiciklas-Wright, Jeannie M. Mckenzie, Barbara M. Shannon, Diane Crisman Mitchell, Dorothy J. Becker, Kessey Kieselhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To assess the dietary intake of children with IDDM and to determine whether the intake meets the current nutritional recommendations for children with IDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 66 children with IDDM who were <10 years of age were recruited from two suburban Pennsylvania hospitals. To collect dietary intake data, subjects were asked, via telephone interview, to complete three random-day 24-h dietary recalls. Data were analyzed for the content of nutrients and other food components by a computerized database program. Intakes were expressed as a 3-day average intake for each subject. RESULTS - Overall mean intake of protein and cholesterol approximated the current recommendations. The mean intake of saturated fat exceeded recommendations, while fiber intake was less than the recommended level. Many of the children consumed levels of saturated fat well above recommendations. Energy, vitamin, and mineral intakes were adequate for the overall sample. However, from 10 to 40% of the sample had an inadequate intake of vitamin D, vitamin E, and zinc. The percentage of those with inadequate intakes of these nutrients decreased with age. CONCLUSIONS - These data suggest that, on average, among this sample of children with IDDM aged <10 years, adherence to the current nutritional recommendations for children with IDDM was adequate, but some individual children had intakes that were not consistent with the recommendations for optimal management of IDDM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1370-1374
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

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Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Food
Fats
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
Vitamins
Minerals
Zinc
Research Design
Cholesterol
Databases
Interviews
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Randecker, G. A., Smiciklas-Wright, H., Mckenzie, J. M., Shannon, B. M., Mitchell, D. C., Becker, D. J., & Kieselhorst, K. (1996). The dietary intake of children with IDDM. Diabetes Care, 19(12), 1370-1374. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.19.12.1370
Randecker, Greg A. ; Smiciklas-Wright, Helen ; Mckenzie, Jeannie M. ; Shannon, Barbara M. ; Mitchell, Diane Crisman ; Becker, Dorothy J. ; Kieselhorst, Kessey. / The dietary intake of children with IDDM. In: Diabetes Care. 1996 ; Vol. 19, No. 12. pp. 1370-1374.
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Randecker, GA, Smiciklas-Wright, H, Mckenzie, JM, Shannon, BM, Mitchell, DC, Becker, DJ & Kieselhorst, K 1996, 'The dietary intake of children with IDDM', Diabetes Care, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1370-1374. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.19.12.1370

The dietary intake of children with IDDM. / Randecker, Greg A.; Smiciklas-Wright, Helen; Mckenzie, Jeannie M.; Shannon, Barbara M.; Mitchell, Diane Crisman; Becker, Dorothy J.; Kieselhorst, Kessey.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 19, No. 12, 01.01.1996, p. 1370-1374.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Randecker, Greg A.

AU - Smiciklas-Wright, Helen

AU - Mckenzie, Jeannie M.

AU - Shannon, Barbara M.

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AU - Becker, Dorothy J.

AU - Kieselhorst, Kessey

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Randecker GA, Smiciklas-Wright H, Mckenzie JM, Shannon BM, Mitchell DC, Becker DJ et al. The dietary intake of children with IDDM. Diabetes Care. 1996 Jan 1;19(12):1370-1374. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.19.12.1370