The difference-in-difference method: Assessing the selection bias in the effects of neighborhood environment on health

Irina B. Grafova, Vicki A. Freedman, Nicole Lurie, Rizie Kumar, Jeannette Rogowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper uses the difference-in-difference estimation approach to explore the self-selection bias in estimating the effect of neighborhood economic environment on self-assessed health among older adults. The results indicate that there is evidence of downward bias in the conventional estimates of the effect of neighborhood economic disadvantage on self-reported health, representing a lower bound of the true effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-33
Number of pages14
JournalEconomics and Human Biology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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