In this article we compute the Hausdorff dimension and box dimension (or capacity) of a dynamically constructed model similarity process in the plane with two distinct contraction coefficients. These examples are natural generalizations to the plane of the simple Markov map constructions for Cantor sets on the line. Some related problems have been studied by different authors; however, those results are directed toward generic results in quite general situations. This paper concentrates on computing explicit formulas in as many specific cases as possible. The techniques of previous authors and ours are correspondingly very different. In our calculations, delicate number-theoretic properties of the contraction coefficients arise. Finally, we utilize the results for the model problem to compute the dimensions of some affine horseshoes in ℝn, and we observe that the dimensions do not always coincide and their coincidence depends on delicate number-theoretic properties of the Lyapunov exponents.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics