The disk fractions of brown dwarfs in IC 348 and Chamaeleon

K. L. Luhman, C. J. Lada, L. Hartmann, A. A. Muench, S. T. Megeath, L. E. Allen, P. C. Myers, J. Muzerolle, E. Young, G. G. Fazio

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66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) aboard the Spitzer Space Telescope, we have obtained mid-infrared photometry for 25 and 18 low-mass members of the IC 348 and Chamaeleon I star-forming clusters, respectively (>M6, M ≲ 0.08 M). We find that 42% ± 13% and 50% ± 17% of the two samples exhibit excess emission indicative of circumstellar disks. In comparison, the disk fractions for stellar members of these clusters are 33% ± 4% and 45% ±7% (M0-M6, 0.7 M ≳ M ≳ 0.1 M). The similarity in the disk fractions of stars and brown dwarfs is consistent with a common formation mechanism and indicates that the raw materials for planet formation are available around brown dwarfs as often as around stars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L69-L72
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume631
Issue number1 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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