Stress treatment generally causes the post-translational modification and accumulation of the p53 protein, although the role of these aspects has not been always understood in relation to this protein's tumor suppressor activity. We analyzed these attributes of p53 in eight different breast cancer cell lines, with either wild-type or mutant p53 protein, in response to oxidative stress. We found that the wild-type p53 protein from MCF-7 and ZR-75-1 cells binds with different affinity to 12 gene sequences covering several pathways regulated by p53. Treatment of MCF-7 cells with H2O2 caused an increase in this binding affinity while this same treatment of ZR-75-1 cells caused the p53 protein to lose binding affinity to several genes. The mutant p53 proteins from all cell lines had minimal to weak binding to these sequences even after treatment with H2O2. The p53 protein from the ZR-75-1 cells and three cell lines with mutant p53 showed serine 15 phosphorylated protein, but we found no correlation between that modification and the levels or localization of this protein although DNA binding affinity of wild-type protein might be affected by this modification. From this and other work, it appears that the mutation status of the TP53 gene alone cannot predict the activity of this tumor suppressor since cell lines with the same genetic information do not show the same properties of this protein.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Cancer Research