In rat hepatoma tumor (HTC) cells 1,3 diaminopropane and cadaverine induced the ornithine decarboxylase antizyme as well as the end product of the ornithine decarboxylase reaction putrescine. Although at equal exogenous concentrations (10-3M) the two non-physiological diamines penetrated the cells as effectively as putrescine; they decreased cellular ornithine decarboxylase considerably less rapidly than the naturally present diamine. Cell extracts treated with high concentrations of 1,3 diaminopropane and putrescine, and which as a result had a high specific activity of ornithine decarboxylase antizyme, were chromatographed on a superfine Sephadex G-75 column in the presence of 250 mM NaCl. No ornithine decarboxylase-antizyme complex could be detected indicating the original decrease of ornithine decarboxylase in the cells was likely due to some mechanism other than antizyme. These results indicate that 1,3 diaminopropane and cadaverine probably can act on ornithine decarboxylase, like putrescine, by two distinct regulatory mechanisms.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)