The Dynamics of Racial Resentment across the 50 US States

Candis Smith, Rebecca J. Kreitzer, Feiya Suo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although many scholars who study the role of racial animus in Americans' political attitudes and policy preferences do so to help us understand national-level politics, (racialized) policy is largely shaped at the state level. States are laboratories of policy innovation whose experiments can exacerbate or ameliorate racial inequality. In this article, we develop state-level scores of racial resentment. By using linear multilevel regression and poststratification weighting techniques and by linking nationally representative survey data with US Census data, we create time-varying, dynamic state-level estimates of racial resentment from 1988 to 2016. These measures enable us to explore the extent to which subnational levels of racial attitudes fluctuate over time and to provide a comparative analysis of state-level racial resentment scores across space and time. We find that states' levels of racial animus change slowly, with some exhibiting increases over time while others do just the opposite. Southern states' reputation for having the highest levels of racial resentment has been challenged by states across various regions of the United States. Many states had their lowest levels of symbolic racism decades ago, contrary to the traditional American narrative of racial progress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPerspectives on Politics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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innovation policy
political attitude
weighting
reputation
racism
census
narrative
regression
politics
time
experiment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Political Science and International Relations

Cite this

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The Dynamics of Racial Resentment across the 50 US States. / Smith, Candis; Kreitzer, Rebecca J.; Suo, Feiya.

In: Perspectives on Politics, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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