The eco-evolutionary imperative: Revisitingweed management in the midst of an herbicide resistance crisis

Fabian D. Menalled, Robert K.D. Peterson, Richard G. Smith, William Curran, David J. Páez, Bruce D. Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modern weed science is at a crossroads. Born out of advances in chemistry, it has focused on minimizing weed competition with genetically uniform crops and heavy reliance on herbicides. Paradoxically, the success obtained with such an approach and the reluctance to conduct integrated and multidisciplinary research has resulted in unintended, but predictable, consequences, including the selection of herbicide resistant biotypes. Advances in eco-evolutionary biology, a relatively recent discipline that seeks to understand how local population dynamics arise from phenotypic variation resulting from natural selection, habitat distribution, and propagule dispersal across the landscape are transforming our understanding of the processes that regulate agroecosystems. Within this framework, complementary tactics to develop alternative weed management programs include the following: (1) weed scientists must recognize that evolution occurs within crop fields at ecologically-relevant time scales and is rooted in the inherent variation that exists in all populations; (2) weed management should recognize that the probability of a resistant mutant is directly related to the population size; (3) farmers need to acknowledge that herbicide resistance transcends any one farm and should coordinate local practices with regional actions; (4) incentives should be developed and implemented to help the adoption of eco-evolutionary management programs; and (5) risk analysis can help incorporate an eco-evolutionary perspective into integrated weed management programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1297
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Herbicides
weed
herbicide
management
Crops
Population dynamics
local population
Risk analysis
population development
Farms
tactics
habitat
biology
biotype
crop
farm
farmer
chemistry
propagule
evolutionary biology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Menalled, F. D., Peterson, R. K. D., Smith, R. G., Curran, W., Páez, D. J., & Maxwell, B. D. (2016). The eco-evolutionary imperative: Revisitingweed management in the midst of an herbicide resistance crisis. Sustainability (Switzerland), 8(12), [1297]. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8121297
Menalled, Fabian D. ; Peterson, Robert K.D. ; Smith, Richard G. ; Curran, William ; Páez, David J. ; Maxwell, Bruce D. / The eco-evolutionary imperative : Revisitingweed management in the midst of an herbicide resistance crisis. In: Sustainability (Switzerland). 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 12.
@article{1b43447224194f118a9ee45e5a733e51,
title = "The eco-evolutionary imperative: Revisitingweed management in the midst of an herbicide resistance crisis",
abstract = "Modern weed science is at a crossroads. Born out of advances in chemistry, it has focused on minimizing weed competition with genetically uniform crops and heavy reliance on herbicides. Paradoxically, the success obtained with such an approach and the reluctance to conduct integrated and multidisciplinary research has resulted in unintended, but predictable, consequences, including the selection of herbicide resistant biotypes. Advances in eco-evolutionary biology, a relatively recent discipline that seeks to understand how local population dynamics arise from phenotypic variation resulting from natural selection, habitat distribution, and propagule dispersal across the landscape are transforming our understanding of the processes that regulate agroecosystems. Within this framework, complementary tactics to develop alternative weed management programs include the following: (1) weed scientists must recognize that evolution occurs within crop fields at ecologically-relevant time scales and is rooted in the inherent variation that exists in all populations; (2) weed management should recognize that the probability of a resistant mutant is directly related to the population size; (3) farmers need to acknowledge that herbicide resistance transcends any one farm and should coordinate local practices with regional actions; (4) incentives should be developed and implemented to help the adoption of eco-evolutionary management programs; and (5) risk analysis can help incorporate an eco-evolutionary perspective into integrated weed management programs.",
author = "Menalled, {Fabian D.} and Peterson, {Robert K.D.} and Smith, {Richard G.} and William Curran and P{\'a}ez, {David J.} and Maxwell, {Bruce D.}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/su8121297",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
journal = "Sustainability",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "12",

}

The eco-evolutionary imperative : Revisitingweed management in the midst of an herbicide resistance crisis. / Menalled, Fabian D.; Peterson, Robert K.D.; Smith, Richard G.; Curran, William; Páez, David J.; Maxwell, Bruce D.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 8, No. 12, 1297, 01.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The eco-evolutionary imperative

T2 - Revisitingweed management in the midst of an herbicide resistance crisis

AU - Menalled, Fabian D.

AU - Peterson, Robert K.D.

AU - Smith, Richard G.

AU - Curran, William

AU - Páez, David J.

AU - Maxwell, Bruce D.

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Modern weed science is at a crossroads. Born out of advances in chemistry, it has focused on minimizing weed competition with genetically uniform crops and heavy reliance on herbicides. Paradoxically, the success obtained with such an approach and the reluctance to conduct integrated and multidisciplinary research has resulted in unintended, but predictable, consequences, including the selection of herbicide resistant biotypes. Advances in eco-evolutionary biology, a relatively recent discipline that seeks to understand how local population dynamics arise from phenotypic variation resulting from natural selection, habitat distribution, and propagule dispersal across the landscape are transforming our understanding of the processes that regulate agroecosystems. Within this framework, complementary tactics to develop alternative weed management programs include the following: (1) weed scientists must recognize that evolution occurs within crop fields at ecologically-relevant time scales and is rooted in the inherent variation that exists in all populations; (2) weed management should recognize that the probability of a resistant mutant is directly related to the population size; (3) farmers need to acknowledge that herbicide resistance transcends any one farm and should coordinate local practices with regional actions; (4) incentives should be developed and implemented to help the adoption of eco-evolutionary management programs; and (5) risk analysis can help incorporate an eco-evolutionary perspective into integrated weed management programs.

AB - Modern weed science is at a crossroads. Born out of advances in chemistry, it has focused on minimizing weed competition with genetically uniform crops and heavy reliance on herbicides. Paradoxically, the success obtained with such an approach and the reluctance to conduct integrated and multidisciplinary research has resulted in unintended, but predictable, consequences, including the selection of herbicide resistant biotypes. Advances in eco-evolutionary biology, a relatively recent discipline that seeks to understand how local population dynamics arise from phenotypic variation resulting from natural selection, habitat distribution, and propagule dispersal across the landscape are transforming our understanding of the processes that regulate agroecosystems. Within this framework, complementary tactics to develop alternative weed management programs include the following: (1) weed scientists must recognize that evolution occurs within crop fields at ecologically-relevant time scales and is rooted in the inherent variation that exists in all populations; (2) weed management should recognize that the probability of a resistant mutant is directly related to the population size; (3) farmers need to acknowledge that herbicide resistance transcends any one farm and should coordinate local practices with regional actions; (4) incentives should be developed and implemented to help the adoption of eco-evolutionary management programs; and (5) risk analysis can help incorporate an eco-evolutionary perspective into integrated weed management programs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007321390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85007321390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/su8121297

DO - 10.3390/su8121297

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85007321390

VL - 8

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 12

M1 - 1297

ER -