The education effect on population health: A reassessment

David P. Baker, Juan Leon, Emily G. Smith Greenaway, John Collins, Marcela Movit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

163 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Demographic research frequently reports consistent and signifcant associations between formal educational attainment and a range of health risks such as smoking, drug abuse, and accidents, as well as the contraction of many diseases, and health outcomes such as mortality-almost all indicating the same conclusion: better-educated individuals are healthier and live longer. Despite the substantial reporting of a robust education effect, there is inadequate appreciation of its independent influence and role as a causal agent. To address the effect of education on health in general, three contributions are provided: 1) a macro-level summary of the dimensions of the worldwide educational revolution and a reassessment of its causal role in the health of individuals and in the demographic health transition are carried out; 2) a meta-analysis of methodologically sophisticated studies of the effect of educational attainment on all-cause mortality is conducted to establish the independence and robustness of the education effect on health; and 3) a schooling-cognition hypothesis about the influence of education as a powerful determinant of health is developed in light of new multidisciplinary cognitive research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-332
Number of pages26
JournalPopulation and Development Review
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Fingerprint

education
educational attainment
health
health and disease
mortality
cognition
meta-analysis
smoking
health risk
contraction
accident
drug abuse
macro level
effect
determinants
Disease
cause

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Baker, David P. ; Leon, Juan ; Smith Greenaway, Emily G. ; Collins, John ; Movit, Marcela. / The education effect on population health : A reassessment. In: Population and Development Review. 2011 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 307-332.
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The education effect on population health : A reassessment. / Baker, David P.; Leon, Juan; Smith Greenaway, Emily G.; Collins, John; Movit, Marcela.

In: Population and Development Review, Vol. 37, No. 2, 01.06.2011, p. 307-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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