Semipurified diets containing 10% kilocalories from either safflower oil (SO), corn oil (CO), olive oil (OO) or palm oil (PO) were fed to weanling male rats for 2 weeks. The effects of dietary fat saturation on plasma lipids and lipoproteins were: 1) Nonfasted plasma cholesterol concentration was higher in rats fed OO (mean ± SEM = 81.0 ± 2.9 mg/dl) vs. CO (67.5 ± 2.9); 2) plasma chylomicron cholesterol concentration was higher in rats fed OO vs. SO and CO, with PO values in between; and 3) the cholesterol concentration of plasma very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) did not differ among groups. The effects of dietary fat saturation on hepatic lipoproteins (determined by liver perfusion techniques) were: 1) hepatic higher density lipoprotein (d = 1.006-1.21 g/ml) cholesterol production was greater in rats fed SO and CO vs. PO [19.1 ± 1.2, 17.2 ± 0.8 and 13.7 ± 1.6 μg/(g liver · 1.5 hour), respectively]; 2) there was no difference in hepatic VLDL cholesterol production among groups; and 3) the ratio of cholesterol to protein of hepatic VLDL and the higher density lipoprotein fraction was higher in rats fed diets rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids versus saturated fatty acids. Dietary fat saturation had no effect on carcass and liver cholesterol concentrations. Since differences in hepatic lipoprotein production were not reflected in plasma lipoprotein patterns, these results suggest that extrahepatic lipoprotein metabolism differs in rats fed diets containing fatty acids of varying saturation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics