The abnormal aging behavior, i.e., severe aging in the electric field induced piezoelectric coefficient while very weak dielectric aging, observed in the relaxor ferroelectric lead magnesium niobate-led titanate (PMN-PT) ceramics under a dc electric bias field, can be significantly reduced by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) treatment on presintered samples. The aging can also be reduced by doping suitable amounts of either La donor) or Mn (acceptor). We suggest that the reduction in the aging is due to the introduction of additional random fields into the material, which reduces the probability of the growth of micropolar regions into metastable and/or stable macropolar domains. The abnormal aging behavior and the effectiveness of HIP in reducing it indicate the importance of the elastic energy in controlling the aging and relaxor behavior in PMN-PT relaxor ferroelectrics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering