The effect of fuel composition and engine deposits on emissions from a spark ignition engine

Stanley L. Bower, Thomas Litzinger, Vincent Frottier

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemically defined binary fuel mixtures of iso-octane (baseline fuel), toluene, methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), and di-isobutylene (DIB) have been run in a production spark ignition engine at various speed/load conditions, with the engine in a clean (deposit-free) and deposited state. Pre-catalyst exhaust gases were analyzed for NOx, total unburned hydrocarbons (UHC), and speciated unburned hydrocarbon concentrations. As toluene was added to the baseline fuel, NOx concentrations increased but total unburned hydrocarbons remained constant. Total unburned hydrocarbons and NOx were unaffected by MTBE. DIB reduced total unburned hydrocarbon emissions but had little effect on NOx. Pure iso-octane produced seven major unburned hydrocarbon species. All the fuels when added to iso-octane resulted in changes in the existing species as well as the production of new ones. The major hydrocarbon species observed in the exhaust were consistent with current intermediate temperature oxidation mechanisms for the fuels studied. NO x concentrations increased substantially when the test fuels were repeated in the engine after deposits were formed; however, total and speciated unburned hydrocarbons were not significantly affected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1993
EventFall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Oct 18 1993Oct 21 1993

Other

OtherFall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period10/18/9310/21/93

Fingerprint

Internal combustion engines
Deposits
Hydrocarbons
Engines
Chemical analysis
Toluene
Ethers
Exhaust gases
Oxidation
Catalysts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Bower, S. L., Litzinger, T., & Frottier, V. (1993). The effect of fuel composition and engine deposits on emissions from a spark ignition engine. Paper presented at Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, PA, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/932707
Bower, Stanley L. ; Litzinger, Thomas ; Frottier, Vincent. / The effect of fuel composition and engine deposits on emissions from a spark ignition engine. Paper presented at Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, PA, United States.
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Bower, SL, Litzinger, T & Frottier, V 1993, 'The effect of fuel composition and engine deposits on emissions from a spark ignition engine' Paper presented at Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, PA, United States, 10/18/93 - 10/21/93, . https://doi.org/10.4271/932707

The effect of fuel composition and engine deposits on emissions from a spark ignition engine. / Bower, Stanley L.; Litzinger, Thomas; Frottier, Vincent.

1993. Paper presented at Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - Chemically defined binary fuel mixtures of iso-octane (baseline fuel), toluene, methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), and di-isobutylene (DIB) have been run in a production spark ignition engine at various speed/load conditions, with the engine in a clean (deposit-free) and deposited state. Pre-catalyst exhaust gases were analyzed for NOx, total unburned hydrocarbons (UHC), and speciated unburned hydrocarbon concentrations. As toluene was added to the baseline fuel, NOx concentrations increased but total unburned hydrocarbons remained constant. Total unburned hydrocarbons and NOx were unaffected by MTBE. DIB reduced total unburned hydrocarbon emissions but had little effect on NOx. Pure iso-octane produced seven major unburned hydrocarbon species. All the fuels when added to iso-octane resulted in changes in the existing species as well as the production of new ones. The major hydrocarbon species observed in the exhaust were consistent with current intermediate temperature oxidation mechanisms for the fuels studied. NO x concentrations increased substantially when the test fuels were repeated in the engine after deposits were formed; however, total and speciated unburned hydrocarbons were not significantly affected.

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Bower SL, Litzinger T, Frottier V. The effect of fuel composition and engine deposits on emissions from a spark ignition engine. 1993. Paper presented at Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, PA, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/932707