While most microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) tests and other bioelectrochemical tests use applied voltages (Eap) of 1 V or less, higher voltages are used in some tests that could lead to the generation of free chlorine species (FCS), from chloride ions, and hydroxyl radicals. To examine the impact of high Eap on bioanodes, MECs were acclimated at Eap = 1 V, tested for one cycle at an Eap of 3 or 4 V until the same total coulombs were achieved as Eap = 1 V, and then returned to cycles of Eap = 1 V. All biotic MECs with chloride ions showed severe biofilm damage based on the absence of current production, lack of acetate oxidation, and the absence of hydrogen gas production in subsequent cycles at 1 V. Abiotic tests conducted at Eap = 4 V, with same amount of total coulombs transferred as that which occurred in biotic tests at Eap = 4 V, showed 1.8-fold higher acetate removal than biotic cells at 4 V, suggesting 43% of generated coulombs could have contributed to microbial inactivation. FCS generation, rather than hydroxyl radical production, was concluded to be the major contribution to oxidation of organics due to small changes in acetate oxidation in the presence of a hydroxyl radical scavenger, and the measurement of FCS. These results demonstrated that high applied voltages should be avoided if bioanodes are needed in bioelectrochemical systems when chloride species are present in the solution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering