The effect of lead time of collision warning messages on driver performance

Jingyan Wan, Changxu Wu, Yiqi Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Collision warning systems (CWSs) are in development in the intelligent transportation system domain to reduce collision accidents. The lead time of warning messages is a crucial factor in determining system effectiveness in the prevention of accidents. The present experiment studied the effects of controlled lead time at 16 levels (predetermined time headway from the subject vehicle to the collision location when the warning message was issued) and lead vehicle conditions (without vs. with lead vehicle) on driving behaviors in various collision scenarios. The results indicated the controlled lead time and lead vehicle conditions significantly affected driver performance. Maximum effectiveness of warning messages was achieved when the controlled lead time was within the range of 4.5s to 6s. When the warning messages were relatively late, the existence of a lead vehicle brought greater safety benefits and more abrupt deceleration. Potential applications of the results in designing of CWSs are further discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014
PublisherHuman Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.
Pages2088-2092
Number of pages5
Volume2014-January
ISBN (Electronic)9780945289456
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event58th International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Oct 27 2014Oct 31 2014

Other

Other58th International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period10/27/1410/31/14

Fingerprint

driver
performance
Alarm systems
Accidents
accident
Lead
traffic behavior
Deceleration
transportation system
time
scenario
experiment
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

Wan, J., Wu, C., & Zhang, Y. (2014). The effect of lead time of collision warning messages on driver performance. In 2014 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014 (Vol. 2014-January, pp. 2088-2092). Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931214581439
Wan, Jingyan ; Wu, Changxu ; Zhang, Yiqi. / The effect of lead time of collision warning messages on driver performance. 2014 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014. Vol. 2014-January Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc., 2014. pp. 2088-2092
@inproceedings{210b1ad7bd784957a024138776ad85a2,
title = "The effect of lead time of collision warning messages on driver performance",
abstract = "Collision warning systems (CWSs) are in development in the intelligent transportation system domain to reduce collision accidents. The lead time of warning messages is a crucial factor in determining system effectiveness in the prevention of accidents. The present experiment studied the effects of controlled lead time at 16 levels (predetermined time headway from the subject vehicle to the collision location when the warning message was issued) and lead vehicle conditions (without vs. with lead vehicle) on driving behaviors in various collision scenarios. The results indicated the controlled lead time and lead vehicle conditions significantly affected driver performance. Maximum effectiveness of warning messages was achieved when the controlled lead time was within the range of 4.5s to 6s. When the warning messages were relatively late, the existence of a lead vehicle brought greater safety benefits and more abrupt deceleration. Potential applications of the results in designing of CWSs are further discussed.",
author = "Jingyan Wan and Changxu Wu and Yiqi Zhang",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1541931214581439",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2014-January",
pages = "2088--2092",
booktitle = "2014 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014",
publisher = "Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.",
address = "United States",

}

Wan, J, Wu, C & Zhang, Y 2014, The effect of lead time of collision warning messages on driver performance. in 2014 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014. vol. 2014-January, Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc., pp. 2088-2092, 58th International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014, Chicago, United States, 10/27/14. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931214581439

The effect of lead time of collision warning messages on driver performance. / Wan, Jingyan; Wu, Changxu; Zhang, Yiqi.

2014 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014. Vol. 2014-January Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc., 2014. p. 2088-2092.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - The effect of lead time of collision warning messages on driver performance

AU - Wan, Jingyan

AU - Wu, Changxu

AU - Zhang, Yiqi

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Collision warning systems (CWSs) are in development in the intelligent transportation system domain to reduce collision accidents. The lead time of warning messages is a crucial factor in determining system effectiveness in the prevention of accidents. The present experiment studied the effects of controlled lead time at 16 levels (predetermined time headway from the subject vehicle to the collision location when the warning message was issued) and lead vehicle conditions (without vs. with lead vehicle) on driving behaviors in various collision scenarios. The results indicated the controlled lead time and lead vehicle conditions significantly affected driver performance. Maximum effectiveness of warning messages was achieved when the controlled lead time was within the range of 4.5s to 6s. When the warning messages were relatively late, the existence of a lead vehicle brought greater safety benefits and more abrupt deceleration. Potential applications of the results in designing of CWSs are further discussed.

AB - Collision warning systems (CWSs) are in development in the intelligent transportation system domain to reduce collision accidents. The lead time of warning messages is a crucial factor in determining system effectiveness in the prevention of accidents. The present experiment studied the effects of controlled lead time at 16 levels (predetermined time headway from the subject vehicle to the collision location when the warning message was issued) and lead vehicle conditions (without vs. with lead vehicle) on driving behaviors in various collision scenarios. The results indicated the controlled lead time and lead vehicle conditions significantly affected driver performance. Maximum effectiveness of warning messages was achieved when the controlled lead time was within the range of 4.5s to 6s. When the warning messages were relatively late, the existence of a lead vehicle brought greater safety benefits and more abrupt deceleration. Potential applications of the results in designing of CWSs are further discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84957634736&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84957634736&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1541931214581439

DO - 10.1177/1541931214581439

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 2014-January

SP - 2088

EP - 2092

BT - 2014 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014

PB - Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.

ER -

Wan J, Wu C, Zhang Y. The effect of lead time of collision warning messages on driver performance. In 2014 International Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, HFES 2014. Vol. 2014-January. Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc. 2014. p. 2088-2092 https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931214581439