The effect of left ventricular function and drive pressures on the filling and ejection of a pulsatile pediatric ventricular assist device in an acute animal model

Branka Lukic, Conrad M. Zapanta, Tigran Khalapyan, John Connell, Walter Pae, John Myers, Ronald Wilson, Akif Undar, Gerson Rosenberg, William Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Penn State is currently developing a 12-mL, pulsatile, pneumatically driven pediatric ventricular assist device intended to be used in infants. After extensive in vitro testing of the pump in a passive-filling, mock circulatory loop, an acute animal study was performed to obtain data with a contracting ventricle. The objectives were to determine the range of pneumatic pressures and time required to completely fill and empty the pediatric ventricular assist device under various physiologic conditions, simulate reductions in ventricular contractility and blood volume, and provide data for validation of the mock circulatory loop. A 15-kg goat was used. The cannulation was achieved via left thoracotomy from the left ventricle to the descending aorta. The pump rate and systolic duration were controlled manually to maintain complete filling and ejection. The mean ejection time ranged from 280 ms to 382 ms when the systolic pressure ranged from 350 mm Hg to 200 mm Hg. The mean filling time ranged from 352 ms to 490 ms, for the diastolic pressure range of -60 mm Hg to 0 mm Hg. Esmolol produced a decrease in left ventricular pressure, required longer pump filling time, and reduced LVAD flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-384
Number of pages6
JournalASAIO Journal
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2007

Fingerprint

Pediatrics
Heart-Assist Devices
Left Ventricular Function
Animals
Animal Models
Pressure
Pumps
Blood Pressure
Ventricular Pressure
Thoracotomy
Blood Volume
Thoracic Aorta
Goats
Catheterization
Pneumatics
Heart Ventricles
Blood
Testing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Penn State is currently developing a 12-mL, pulsatile, pneumatically driven pediatric ventricular assist device intended to be used in infants. After extensive in vitro testing of the pump in a passive-filling, mock circulatory loop, an acute animal study was performed to obtain data with a contracting ventricle. The objectives were to determine the range of pneumatic pressures and time required to completely fill and empty the pediatric ventricular assist device under various physiologic conditions, simulate reductions in ventricular contractility and blood volume, and provide data for validation of the mock circulatory loop. A 15-kg goat was used. The cannulation was achieved via left thoracotomy from the left ventricle to the descending aorta. The pump rate and systolic duration were controlled manually to maintain complete filling and ejection. The mean ejection time ranged from 280 ms to 382 ms when the systolic pressure ranged from 350 mm Hg to 200 mm Hg. The mean filling time ranged from 352 ms to 490 ms, for the diastolic pressure range of -60 mm Hg to 0 mm Hg. Esmolol produced a decrease in left ventricular pressure, required longer pump filling time, and reduced LVAD flow.",
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AU - Zapanta, Conrad M.

AU - Khalapyan, Tigran

AU - Connell, John

AU - Pae, Walter

AU - Myers, John

AU - Wilson, Ronald

AU - Undar, Akif

AU - Rosenberg, Gerson

AU - Weiss, William

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N2 - Penn State is currently developing a 12-mL, pulsatile, pneumatically driven pediatric ventricular assist device intended to be used in infants. After extensive in vitro testing of the pump in a passive-filling, mock circulatory loop, an acute animal study was performed to obtain data with a contracting ventricle. The objectives were to determine the range of pneumatic pressures and time required to completely fill and empty the pediatric ventricular assist device under various physiologic conditions, simulate reductions in ventricular contractility and blood volume, and provide data for validation of the mock circulatory loop. A 15-kg goat was used. The cannulation was achieved via left thoracotomy from the left ventricle to the descending aorta. The pump rate and systolic duration were controlled manually to maintain complete filling and ejection. The mean ejection time ranged from 280 ms to 382 ms when the systolic pressure ranged from 350 mm Hg to 200 mm Hg. The mean filling time ranged from 352 ms to 490 ms, for the diastolic pressure range of -60 mm Hg to 0 mm Hg. Esmolol produced a decrease in left ventricular pressure, required longer pump filling time, and reduced LVAD flow.

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