The effect of motivational lung age feedback on short-term quit rates in smokers seeking intensive group treatment: A randomized controlled pilot study

Jonathan Foulds, Susan Veldheer, Shari Hrabovsky, Jessica Yingst, Chris Sciamanna, Gang Chen, Jennifer Z J Maccani, Arthur Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A brief "Lung Age" feedback intervention has shown promise for personalizing the health impact of smoking and promoting cessation in unselected smokers. Now that many healthcare organizations provide face-to-face cessation services, it is reasonable to ask whether such motivational feedback of lung function tests might improve treatment compliance and cessation rates in smokers wanting to quit. This study assessed effects of baseline motivational spirometry-based "Lung Age" feedback on treatment compliance and tobacco abstinence at 28-day follow-up. Methods: This randomized controlled pilot study took place in Penn State University-affiliated outpatient medical practices. Participants were 225 adult smokers (≥5 cigarettes/day) willing to attend tobacco dependence treatment. At assessment lung function (FEV-1) and exhaled carbon-monoxide (CO) were assessed. The Intervention group (n= 120) were randomly allocated to receive motivational "Lung Age" feedback estimated by FEV-1 and on exhaled CO; Control group (n= 105) received minimal feedback. Participants were offered 6 weekly group smoking cessation sessions and nicotine patches and followed-up 28 days after target quit date. The primary outcome measure was self-reported 7-day tobacco abstinence, confirmed by CO. <. 10. ppm at 28-day follow-up. Results: Quit rates were similar at follow-up (Intervention 50.8%; Control 52.4%; p= 0.65) after controlling for abstinence predictors. Group attendance and patch use were similar. Among those attending follow-up (n= 164, 73%), a greater proportion of the Intervention group had improved lung function (67% vs. 46%; p= 0.0083). Conclusions: Baseline Lung Age feedback did not improve quit rates or compliance at 28-day follow-up in smokers seeking intensive treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence
Volume153
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

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Feedback
Lung
Tobacco
Carbon Monoxide
Smoking Cessation
Compliance
Therapeutics
Tobacco Use Cessation Products
Tobacco Use Disorder
Withholding Treatment
Spirometry
Respiratory Function Tests
Tobacco Products
Outpatients
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Health
Delivery of Health Care
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "The effect of motivational lung age feedback on short-term quit rates in smokers seeking intensive group treatment: A randomized controlled pilot study",
abstract = "Background: A brief {"}Lung Age{"} feedback intervention has shown promise for personalizing the health impact of smoking and promoting cessation in unselected smokers. Now that many healthcare organizations provide face-to-face cessation services, it is reasonable to ask whether such motivational feedback of lung function tests might improve treatment compliance and cessation rates in smokers wanting to quit. This study assessed effects of baseline motivational spirometry-based {"}Lung Age{"} feedback on treatment compliance and tobacco abstinence at 28-day follow-up. Methods: This randomized controlled pilot study took place in Penn State University-affiliated outpatient medical practices. Participants were 225 adult smokers (≥5 cigarettes/day) willing to attend tobacco dependence treatment. At assessment lung function (FEV-1) and exhaled carbon-monoxide (CO) were assessed. The Intervention group (n= 120) were randomly allocated to receive motivational {"}Lung Age{"} feedback estimated by FEV-1 and on exhaled CO; Control group (n= 105) received minimal feedback. Participants were offered 6 weekly group smoking cessation sessions and nicotine patches and followed-up 28 days after target quit date. The primary outcome measure was self-reported 7-day tobacco abstinence, confirmed by CO. <. 10. ppm at 28-day follow-up. Results: Quit rates were similar at follow-up (Intervention 50.8{\%}; Control 52.4{\%}; p= 0.65) after controlling for abstinence predictors. Group attendance and patch use were similar. Among those attending follow-up (n= 164, 73{\%}), a greater proportion of the Intervention group had improved lung function (67{\%} vs. 46{\%}; p= 0.0083). Conclusions: Baseline Lung Age feedback did not improve quit rates or compliance at 28-day follow-up in smokers seeking intensive treatment.",
author = "Jonathan Foulds and Susan Veldheer and Shari Hrabovsky and Jessica Yingst and Chris Sciamanna and Gang Chen and Maccani, {Jennifer Z J} and Arthur Berg",
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The effect of motivational lung age feedback on short-term quit rates in smokers seeking intensive group treatment : A randomized controlled pilot study. / Foulds, Jonathan; Veldheer, Susan; Hrabovsky, Shari; Yingst, Jessica; Sciamanna, Chris; Chen, Gang; Maccani, Jennifer Z J; Berg, Arthur.

In: Drug and alcohol dependence, Vol. 153, 01.08.2015, p. 271-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of motivational lung age feedback on short-term quit rates in smokers seeking intensive group treatment

T2 - A randomized controlled pilot study

AU - Foulds, Jonathan

AU - Veldheer, Susan

AU - Hrabovsky, Shari

AU - Yingst, Jessica

AU - Sciamanna, Chris

AU - Chen, Gang

AU - Maccani, Jennifer Z J

AU - Berg, Arthur

PY - 2015/8/1

Y1 - 2015/8/1

N2 - Background: A brief "Lung Age" feedback intervention has shown promise for personalizing the health impact of smoking and promoting cessation in unselected smokers. Now that many healthcare organizations provide face-to-face cessation services, it is reasonable to ask whether such motivational feedback of lung function tests might improve treatment compliance and cessation rates in smokers wanting to quit. This study assessed effects of baseline motivational spirometry-based "Lung Age" feedback on treatment compliance and tobacco abstinence at 28-day follow-up. Methods: This randomized controlled pilot study took place in Penn State University-affiliated outpatient medical practices. Participants were 225 adult smokers (≥5 cigarettes/day) willing to attend tobacco dependence treatment. At assessment lung function (FEV-1) and exhaled carbon-monoxide (CO) were assessed. The Intervention group (n= 120) were randomly allocated to receive motivational "Lung Age" feedback estimated by FEV-1 and on exhaled CO; Control group (n= 105) received minimal feedback. Participants were offered 6 weekly group smoking cessation sessions and nicotine patches and followed-up 28 days after target quit date. The primary outcome measure was self-reported 7-day tobacco abstinence, confirmed by CO. <. 10. ppm at 28-day follow-up. Results: Quit rates were similar at follow-up (Intervention 50.8%; Control 52.4%; p= 0.65) after controlling for abstinence predictors. Group attendance and patch use were similar. Among those attending follow-up (n= 164, 73%), a greater proportion of the Intervention group had improved lung function (67% vs. 46%; p= 0.0083). Conclusions: Baseline Lung Age feedback did not improve quit rates or compliance at 28-day follow-up in smokers seeking intensive treatment.

AB - Background: A brief "Lung Age" feedback intervention has shown promise for personalizing the health impact of smoking and promoting cessation in unselected smokers. Now that many healthcare organizations provide face-to-face cessation services, it is reasonable to ask whether such motivational feedback of lung function tests might improve treatment compliance and cessation rates in smokers wanting to quit. This study assessed effects of baseline motivational spirometry-based "Lung Age" feedback on treatment compliance and tobacco abstinence at 28-day follow-up. Methods: This randomized controlled pilot study took place in Penn State University-affiliated outpatient medical practices. Participants were 225 adult smokers (≥5 cigarettes/day) willing to attend tobacco dependence treatment. At assessment lung function (FEV-1) and exhaled carbon-monoxide (CO) were assessed. The Intervention group (n= 120) were randomly allocated to receive motivational "Lung Age" feedback estimated by FEV-1 and on exhaled CO; Control group (n= 105) received minimal feedback. Participants were offered 6 weekly group smoking cessation sessions and nicotine patches and followed-up 28 days after target quit date. The primary outcome measure was self-reported 7-day tobacco abstinence, confirmed by CO. <. 10. ppm at 28-day follow-up. Results: Quit rates were similar at follow-up (Intervention 50.8%; Control 52.4%; p= 0.65) after controlling for abstinence predictors. Group attendance and patch use were similar. Among those attending follow-up (n= 164, 73%), a greater proportion of the Intervention group had improved lung function (67% vs. 46%; p= 0.0083). Conclusions: Baseline Lung Age feedback did not improve quit rates or compliance at 28-day follow-up in smokers seeking intensive treatment.

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