The effect of neighborhood context on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest

Scott Thomas Yabiku, Andrea Dixon Rayle, Scott K. Okamoto, Flavio F. Marsiglia, Stephen Kulis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined neighborhood effects on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest. We compared these effects with American Indian and non-American Indian youth in order to examine the universality of neighborhood disorganization as a risk factor for drug use. Neighborhood level variables included unemployment, poverty, education, and violent crime rate. Results indicated that American Indian youth were not as adversely affected by these neighborhood factors. American Indian youth may possess cultural characteristics that protect them from the adverse effects of neighborhood disorganization, including close familial relationships and ethnic pride. Culturally competent practice with American Indian youth may best be implemented through the enhancement of relational and cultural strengths as described in the literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-204
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2007

Fingerprint

North American Indians
American Indian
drug use
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Cultural Characteristics
Unemployment
crime rate
violent crime
Crime
Poverty
unemployment
poverty
Education
education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Yabiku, Scott Thomas ; Dixon Rayle, Andrea ; Okamoto, Scott K. ; Marsiglia, Flavio F. ; Kulis, Stephen. / The effect of neighborhood context on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest. In: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse. 2007 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 181-204.
@article{25f27f96e4314dc58d9d09639bac52f3,
title = "The effect of neighborhood context on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest",
abstract = "This study examined neighborhood effects on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest. We compared these effects with American Indian and non-American Indian youth in order to examine the universality of neighborhood disorganization as a risk factor for drug use. Neighborhood level variables included unemployment, poverty, education, and violent crime rate. Results indicated that American Indian youth were not as adversely affected by these neighborhood factors. American Indian youth may possess cultural characteristics that protect them from the adverse effects of neighborhood disorganization, including close familial relationships and ethnic pride. Culturally competent practice with American Indian youth may best be implemented through the enhancement of relational and cultural strengths as described in the literature.",
author = "Yabiku, {Scott Thomas} and {Dixon Rayle}, Andrea and Okamoto, {Scott K.} and Marsiglia, {Flavio F.} and Stephen Kulis",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1300/J233v06n02_11",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "181--204",
journal = "Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse",
issn = "1533-2640",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

The effect of neighborhood context on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest. / Yabiku, Scott Thomas; Dixon Rayle, Andrea; Okamoto, Scott K.; Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Kulis, Stephen.

In: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, Vol. 6, No. 2, 17.12.2007, p. 181-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of neighborhood context on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest

AU - Yabiku, Scott Thomas

AU - Dixon Rayle, Andrea

AU - Okamoto, Scott K.

AU - Marsiglia, Flavio F.

AU - Kulis, Stephen

PY - 2007/12/17

Y1 - 2007/12/17

N2 - This study examined neighborhood effects on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest. We compared these effects with American Indian and non-American Indian youth in order to examine the universality of neighborhood disorganization as a risk factor for drug use. Neighborhood level variables included unemployment, poverty, education, and violent crime rate. Results indicated that American Indian youth were not as adversely affected by these neighborhood factors. American Indian youth may possess cultural characteristics that protect them from the adverse effects of neighborhood disorganization, including close familial relationships and ethnic pride. Culturally competent practice with American Indian youth may best be implemented through the enhancement of relational and cultural strengths as described in the literature.

AB - This study examined neighborhood effects on the drug use of American Indian youth of the Southwest. We compared these effects with American Indian and non-American Indian youth in order to examine the universality of neighborhood disorganization as a risk factor for drug use. Neighborhood level variables included unemployment, poverty, education, and violent crime rate. Results indicated that American Indian youth were not as adversely affected by these neighborhood factors. American Indian youth may possess cultural characteristics that protect them from the adverse effects of neighborhood disorganization, including close familial relationships and ethnic pride. Culturally competent practice with American Indian youth may best be implemented through the enhancement of relational and cultural strengths as described in the literature.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38049087156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38049087156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1300/J233v06n02_11

DO - 10.1300/J233v06n02_11

M3 - Article

C2 - 18192210

AN - SCOPUS:38049087156

VL - 6

SP - 181

EP - 204

JO - Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

JF - Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

SN - 1533-2640

IS - 2

ER -