The effect of non-axisymmetric fuel staging on flame structure in a multiple-nozzle model turbine combustor

Olivia Sekulich, Wyatt Culler, Jacqueline Antonia O'Connor

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    Abstract

    Fuel staging is often used to suppress combustion instabilities in a gas turbine engine. This strategy is accomplished by applying differing flow rates of fuel to different nozzles of a multi-nozzle combustor. As such, the mixture composition and critical flame properties like flame speed and heat release may vary from nozzle to nozzle. In this experiment, five identical nozzles are arranged with a central nozzle surrounded symmetrically by four others; this is commonly referred to as a "four-around-one" configuration. The fuel is staged by adding more fuel through the middle and one outer nozzle, where staging through the middle nozzle will be referred to as axisymmetric staging, and staging through an outer nozzle is non-axisymmetric staging. This staging is analyzed through the use of tomographic image reconstruction. Images are taken in 5 degree increments over a 180 degree span around the flame for each staging condition. We compare three cases: one without staging, one with axisymmetric staging, and another with non-axisymmetric staging. Fuel staging can cause deviations in the flame structure where neighboring flames meet each other. Non-axisymmetric versus axisymmetric staging are found to result in different flame shapes and stabilization methods due to the difference in the number of flames that are interacting with the staged nozzle.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
    Event2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018 - State College, United States
    Duration: Mar 4 2018Mar 7 2018

    Other

    Other2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018
    CountryUnited States
    CityState College
    Period3/4/183/7/18

    Fingerprint

    turbines
    combustion chambers
    Combustors
    nozzles
    flames
    Nozzles
    Turbines
    combustion stability
    gas turbine engines
    image reconstruction
    Image reconstruction
    Gas turbines
    Stabilization
    flow velocity
    stabilization
    Flow rate
    deviation
    heat
    causes

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Chemical Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Sekulich, O., Culler, W., & O'Connor, J. A. (2018). The effect of non-axisymmetric fuel staging on flame structure in a multiple-nozzle model turbine combustor. Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States.
    Sekulich, Olivia ; Culler, Wyatt ; O'Connor, Jacqueline Antonia. / The effect of non-axisymmetric fuel staging on flame structure in a multiple-nozzle model turbine combustor. Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States.
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    abstract = "Fuel staging is often used to suppress combustion instabilities in a gas turbine engine. This strategy is accomplished by applying differing flow rates of fuel to different nozzles of a multi-nozzle combustor. As such, the mixture composition and critical flame properties like flame speed and heat release may vary from nozzle to nozzle. In this experiment, five identical nozzles are arranged with a central nozzle surrounded symmetrically by four others; this is commonly referred to as a {"}four-around-one{"} configuration. The fuel is staged by adding more fuel through the middle and one outer nozzle, where staging through the middle nozzle will be referred to as axisymmetric staging, and staging through an outer nozzle is non-axisymmetric staging. This staging is analyzed through the use of tomographic image reconstruction. Images are taken in 5 degree increments over a 180 degree span around the flame for each staging condition. We compare three cases: one without staging, one with axisymmetric staging, and another with non-axisymmetric staging. Fuel staging can cause deviations in the flame structure where neighboring flames meet each other. Non-axisymmetric versus axisymmetric staging are found to result in different flame shapes and stabilization methods due to the difference in the number of flames that are interacting with the staged nozzle.",
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    Sekulich, O, Culler, W & O'Connor, JA 2018, 'The effect of non-axisymmetric fuel staging on flame structure in a multiple-nozzle model turbine combustor' Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States, 3/4/18 - 3/7/18, .

    The effect of non-axisymmetric fuel staging on flame structure in a multiple-nozzle model turbine combustor. / Sekulich, Olivia; Culler, Wyatt; O'Connor, Jacqueline Antonia.

    2018. Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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    AU - Culler, Wyatt

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    N2 - Fuel staging is often used to suppress combustion instabilities in a gas turbine engine. This strategy is accomplished by applying differing flow rates of fuel to different nozzles of a multi-nozzle combustor. As such, the mixture composition and critical flame properties like flame speed and heat release may vary from nozzle to nozzle. In this experiment, five identical nozzles are arranged with a central nozzle surrounded symmetrically by four others; this is commonly referred to as a "four-around-one" configuration. The fuel is staged by adding more fuel through the middle and one outer nozzle, where staging through the middle nozzle will be referred to as axisymmetric staging, and staging through an outer nozzle is non-axisymmetric staging. This staging is analyzed through the use of tomographic image reconstruction. Images are taken in 5 degree increments over a 180 degree span around the flame for each staging condition. We compare three cases: one without staging, one with axisymmetric staging, and another with non-axisymmetric staging. Fuel staging can cause deviations in the flame structure where neighboring flames meet each other. Non-axisymmetric versus axisymmetric staging are found to result in different flame shapes and stabilization methods due to the difference in the number of flames that are interacting with the staged nozzle.

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    Sekulich O, Culler W, O'Connor JA. The effect of non-axisymmetric fuel staging on flame structure in a multiple-nozzle model turbine combustor. 2018. Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States.