The effect of self-efficacy and issue characteristics on threat and opportunity categorization

Susan Mohammed, Robert S. Billings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations


The purpose of the current study was to examine self-efficacy and issue characteristics as antecedents of issue categorization. A laboratory experiment using 277 participants manipulated self-efficacy, scenario category (threat/opportunity), and scenario strength (weak/strong), and subsequently measured perceptions of threat and opportunity. Results indicate that high self-efficacy participants categorized scenarios as more representative of opportunity and that self-efficacy influenced the framing of opportunity scenarios, but not threat scenarios. Parallel results were found across both categorical and dimensional threat and opportunity measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1253-1275
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

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