The Effect of Shaking History on Liquefaction Resistance of Sand Deposit Using Shake Table Testing

Jintai Wang, Sajjad Salam, Ming Xiao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Previous research shows that shaking history affects the liquefaction resistance of the soil. A strong shaking event could reduce the soil liquefaction resistance due to increased anisotropy of soil. However, a mild shaking with partial or no liquefaction could greatly increase the liquefaction resistance. In this paper, the effect of shaking history on liquefaction resistance of sand is studied using 1-g shake table testing. A uniform liquefiable sand deposit was air-pluviated and fully saturated in a large laminar shear box (L×W×H: 2.29 m×2.13 m×1.83 m). The sand deposit was subjected to four different shaking events. Piezometers were embedded at different depths to capture the seismic response of sand deposit. The excess pore pressure readings from four shaking events were compared to investigate the effect of shaking history on liquefaction resistance of the sand deposit. The major findings of this paper are: (1) along with the shaking, the sand deposit became denser; (2) the shaking event with an amplitude of 0.25 g tended to densify the sand and increase the liquefaction resistance; and (3) the strong shaking with an amplitude of 0.4 g tended to damage the soil structure and reduce the liquefaction resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeotechnical Special Publication
EditorsChristopher L. Meehan, Joseph T. Coe, Sanjeev Kumar, Miguel A. Pando
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages285-293
Number of pages9
EditionGSP 308
ISBN (Electronic)9780784482070, 9780784482087, 9780784482094, 9780784482100, 9780784482117, 9780784482124, 9780784482131, 9780784482148, 9780784482155, 9780784482162
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, Geo-Congress 2019 - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: Mar 24 2019Mar 27 2019

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
NumberGSP 308
Volume2019-March
ISSN (Print)0895-0563

Conference

Conference8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, Geo-Congress 2019
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period3/24/193/27/19

Fingerprint

Liquefaction
liquefaction
Sand
Deposits
sand
Testing
history
Soils
Soil liquefaction
Pore pressure
Seismic response
soil
effect
piezometer
seismic response
soil structure
pore pressure
Anisotropy
anisotropy
damage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Wang, J., Salam, S., & Xiao, M. (2019). The Effect of Shaking History on Liquefaction Resistance of Sand Deposit Using Shake Table Testing. In C. L. Meehan, J. T. Coe, S. Kumar, & M. A. Pando (Eds.), Geotechnical Special Publication (GSP 308 ed., pp. 285-293). [029] (Geotechnical Special Publication; Vol. 2019-March, No. GSP 308). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482100.029
Wang, Jintai ; Salam, Sajjad ; Xiao, Ming. / The Effect of Shaking History on Liquefaction Resistance of Sand Deposit Using Shake Table Testing. Geotechnical Special Publication. editor / Christopher L. Meehan ; Joseph T. Coe ; Sanjeev Kumar ; Miguel A. Pando. GSP 308. ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2019. pp. 285-293 (Geotechnical Special Publication; GSP 308).
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abstract = "Previous research shows that shaking history affects the liquefaction resistance of the soil. A strong shaking event could reduce the soil liquefaction resistance due to increased anisotropy of soil. However, a mild shaking with partial or no liquefaction could greatly increase the liquefaction resistance. In this paper, the effect of shaking history on liquefaction resistance of sand is studied using 1-g shake table testing. A uniform liquefiable sand deposit was air-pluviated and fully saturated in a large laminar shear box (L×W×H: 2.29 m×2.13 m×1.83 m). The sand deposit was subjected to four different shaking events. Piezometers were embedded at different depths to capture the seismic response of sand deposit. The excess pore pressure readings from four shaking events were compared to investigate the effect of shaking history on liquefaction resistance of the sand deposit. The major findings of this paper are: (1) along with the shaking, the sand deposit became denser; (2) the shaking event with an amplitude of 0.25 g tended to densify the sand and increase the liquefaction resistance; and (3) the strong shaking with an amplitude of 0.4 g tended to damage the soil structure and reduce the liquefaction resistance.",
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Wang, J, Salam, S & Xiao, M 2019, The Effect of Shaking History on Liquefaction Resistance of Sand Deposit Using Shake Table Testing. in CL Meehan, JT Coe, S Kumar & MA Pando (eds), Geotechnical Special Publication. GSP 308 edn, 029, Geotechnical Special Publication, no. GSP 308, vol. 2019-March, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 285-293, 8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, Geo-Congress 2019, Philadelphia, United States, 3/24/19. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482100.029

The Effect of Shaking History on Liquefaction Resistance of Sand Deposit Using Shake Table Testing. / Wang, Jintai; Salam, Sajjad; Xiao, Ming.

Geotechnical Special Publication. ed. / Christopher L. Meehan; Joseph T. Coe; Sanjeev Kumar; Miguel A. Pando. GSP 308. ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2019. p. 285-293 029 (Geotechnical Special Publication; Vol. 2019-March, No. GSP 308).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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ER -

Wang J, Salam S, Xiao M. The Effect of Shaking History on Liquefaction Resistance of Sand Deposit Using Shake Table Testing. In Meehan CL, Coe JT, Kumar S, Pando MA, editors, Geotechnical Special Publication. GSP 308 ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2019. p. 285-293. 029. (Geotechnical Special Publication; GSP 308). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482100.029