The effect of substitution of the N-acetyl groups of N-acetylgalactosamine residues in chondroitin sulfate on its degradation by chondroitinase ABC

Subbarao V. Madhunapantula, Rajeshwara N. Achur, Veer P. Bhavanandan, Channe Gowda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chondroitinase ABC is a lyase that degrades chondroitin sulfate, dermatan sulfate and hyaluronic acid into disaccharides. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of chondroitinase ABC to degrade chondroitin sulfate in which the N-acetyl groups are substituted with different acyl groups. The bovine tracheal chondroitin sulfate A (bCSA) was N-deacetylated by hydrazinolysis, and the free amino groups derivatized into N-formyl, N-propionyl, N-butyryl, N-hexanoyl or N-benzoyl amides. Treatment of the N-acyl or N-benzoyl derivatives of bCSA with chondroitinase ABC and analysis of the products showed that the N-formyl, N-hexanoyl and N-benzoyl derivatives are completely resistant to the enzyme. In contrast, the N-propionyl or N-butyryl derivatives were degraded into disaccharides with slower kinetics compared to that of unmodified bCSA. The rate of degradation of bCSA derivatives by the enzyme was found to be in the order of N-acetyl>N-propionyl>>N-butyryl bCSA. These results have important implications for understanding the interaction of N-acetyl groups of glycosaminoglycans with chondroitinase ABC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-473
Number of pages9
JournalGlycoconjugate Journal
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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