Thin films were deposited on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrates using pulsed laser deposition from a target with a composition (Bi0.825Nd0.175Fe0.97Ti0.03O3) with 5 mol% excess Bi2O3 within the antiferroelectric (AFE) region of the NdFeO3-BiFeO3 phase diagram. However, Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that films consisted of a mosaic microstructure in which (AFE), ferroelectric (FE) and paraelectric (PE) phases coexisted. Variation in the spatial distribution of Nd is typically greater in bulk ceramics than in thin films and therefore, the absence of single phase AFE cannot be attributed to local changes in composition. Instead, it is proposed that clamping due to mismatch in thermal expansion coefficient with the substrate suppresses the large volume change associated with the PE-FE and PE-AFE transition in bulk and its absence in the thin film prevents an avalanche-like transition throughout grains, which in bulk sustains single phase AFE, irrespective of local deviations in the Nd concentration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry