The Effects of a Tornado Disturbance and a Salvaged Timber Extraction on the Seed-Rain and Recruitment Community of an Eastern Temperate Deciduous Forest

Alexander C. Curtze, Tomas A. Carlo-Joglar, John W. Wenzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding forest-regeneration pathways following salvage-logging operations and windthrow disturbances is a step towards the sustainable management of forests. To accomplish this, assessment of the relative contribution of seed dispersal and post-dispersal abiotic and biotic factors in shaping post-disturbance seedling recruitment is necessary. In a temperate deciduous forest located in western Pennsylvania, we measured the seed rain over 2 years and the resulting woody-plant recruitment in 2 tornado-disturbed stands. Our data shows that the salvage logging operation and the dispersal mode of plants (wind, animal) affected the composition of the seed rain. Communities of plant recruits, in contrast, were more strongly determined by soil-cover variables than by the net inputs of seed rain. Our results indicate that salvage logging following natural windthrow events has minimal negative impacts on forest regeneration capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)646-655
Number of pages10
JournalNortheastern Naturalist
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

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tornadoes
salvage logging
seed rain
tornado
temperate forests
temperate forest
deciduous forests
deciduous forest
windthrow
timber
forest regeneration
rain
disturbance
regeneration
seeds
biotic factor
sustainable forestry
soil cover
seed dispersal
woody plant

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

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abstract = "Understanding forest-regeneration pathways following salvage-logging operations and windthrow disturbances is a step towards the sustainable management of forests. To accomplish this, assessment of the relative contribution of seed dispersal and post-dispersal abiotic and biotic factors in shaping post-disturbance seedling recruitment is necessary. In a temperate deciduous forest located in western Pennsylvania, we measured the seed rain over 2 years and the resulting woody-plant recruitment in 2 tornado-disturbed stands. Our data shows that the salvage logging operation and the dispersal mode of plants (wind, animal) affected the composition of the seed rain. Communities of plant recruits, in contrast, were more strongly determined by soil-cover variables than by the net inputs of seed rain. Our results indicate that salvage logging following natural windthrow events has minimal negative impacts on forest regeneration capacity.",
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The Effects of a Tornado Disturbance and a Salvaged Timber Extraction on the Seed-Rain and Recruitment Community of an Eastern Temperate Deciduous Forest. / Curtze, Alexander C.; Carlo-Joglar, Tomas A.; Wenzel, John W.

In: Northeastern Naturalist, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.11.2018, p. 646-655.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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