The effects of ambient conditions on helicopter harmonic noise radiation: Theory and experiment

Eric Greenwood, Ben W. Sim, D. Douglas Boyd

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of ambient atmospheric conditions, air temperature and density, on rotor harmonic noise radiation are characterized using theoretical models and experimental measurements of helicopter noise collected at three different test sites at elevations ranging from sea level to 7000 ft above sea level. Significant changes in the thickness, loading, and blade-vortex interaction noise levels and radiation directions are observed across the different test sites for an AS350 helicopter flying at the same indicated airspeed and gross weight. However, the radiated noise is shown to scale with ambient pressure when the flight condition of the helicopter is defined in nondimensional terms. Although the effective tip Mach number is identified as the primary governing parameter for thickness noise, the nondimensional weight coefficient also impacts lower harmonic loading noise levels, which contribute strongly to low frequency harmonic noise radiation both in and out of the plane of the horizon. Strategies for maintaining the same nondimensional rotor operating condition under different ambient conditions are developed using an analytical model of single main rotor helicopter trim and confirmed using a CAMRAD I1 model of the AS350 helicopter. The ability of the Fundamental Rotorcraft Acoustics Modeling from Experiments (FRAME) technique to generalize noise measurements made under one set of ambient conditions to make accurate noise predictions under other ambient conditions is also validated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication72nd American Helicopter Society International Annual Forum 2016
Subtitle of host publicationLeveraging Emerging Technologies for Future Capabilities
PublisherAmerican Helicopter Society
Pages1-18
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781510825062
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Publication series

NameAnnual Forum Proceedings - AHS International
Volume1
ISSN (Print)1552-2938

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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