The effects of antimony oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses

Justin G. Wood, S. Prabakar, Karl T. Mueller, Carlo G. Pantano

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27 Scopus citations


Antimony oxide is added to alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses primarily as a fining agent. Recently, it was observed that the surface of commercial fusion-drawn Sb2O3-fined calcium alumino borosilicate glass shows a significant segregation of Sb2O 3 to the surface. Thus, the motivation for the work reported here was to explore the structure of the Sb-oxide enriched surface layer, and more generally, to understand the effects of Sb oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses. To mimic the enriched amounts of Sb2O3 found on the surface of the Sb2O 3 fined commercial glasses, a series of glasses were produced in which the silicon dioxide to antimony oxide ratio was varied, while the relative concentration of other components was held constant. 29Si, 27Al, and 11B NMR spectra were obtained to probe the effect of increased amounts of Sb2O3 on the structure of the model glasses. The results show that Sb2O3 enters the aluminoborosilicate network, and thereby increases the connectivity of the structure. Relative to the Sb-oxide enriched surface layer on commercial fusion drawn glass, these findings suggest a higher Tg, lower expansion, and more chemically durable surface for such antimony-oxide fined glasses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-284
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
EventGlass Science for High Technology. 16th University Conference - Troy, NY, United States
Duration: Aug 13 2004Aug 15 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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