The effects of antimony oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses

Justin G. Wood, S. Prabakar, Karl Todd Mueller, Carlo G. Pantano

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antimony oxide is added to alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses primarily as a fining agent. Recently, it was observed that the surface of commercial fusion-drawn Sb2O3-fined calcium alumino borosilicate glass shows a significant segregation of Sb2O 3 to the surface. Thus, the motivation for the work reported here was to explore the structure of the Sb-oxide enriched surface layer, and more generally, to understand the effects of Sb oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses. To mimic the enriched amounts of Sb2O3 found on the surface of the Sb2O 3 fined commercial glasses, a series of glasses were produced in which the silicon dioxide to antimony oxide ratio was varied, while the relative concentration of other components was held constant. 29Si, 27Al, and 11B NMR spectra were obtained to probe the effect of increased amounts of Sb2O3 on the structure of the model glasses. The results show that Sb2O3 enters the aluminoborosilicate network, and thereby increases the connectivity of the structure. Relative to the Sb-oxide enriched surface layer on commercial fusion drawn glass, these findings suggest a higher Tg, lower expansion, and more chemically durable surface for such antimony-oxide fined glasses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-284
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume349
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
EventGlass Science for High Technology. 16th University Conference - Troy, NY, United States
Duration: Aug 13 2004Aug 15 2004

Fingerprint

Borosilicate glass
Antimony
borosilicate glass
antimony
Earth (planet)
Oxides
oxides
Glass
glass
surface layers
Fusion reactions
fusion
Silicon Dioxide
antimony oxide
calcium
Calcium
Silica
Nuclear magnetic resonance
silicon dioxide
nuclear magnetic resonance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Wood, Justin G. ; Prabakar, S. ; Mueller, Karl Todd ; Pantano, Carlo G. / The effects of antimony oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses. In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 2004 ; Vol. 349, No. 1-3. pp. 276-284.
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The effects of antimony oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses. / Wood, Justin G.; Prabakar, S.; Mueller, Karl Todd; Pantano, Carlo G.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 349, No. 1-3, 01.12.2004, p. 276-284.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - The effects of antimony oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses

AU - Wood, Justin G.

AU - Prabakar, S.

AU - Mueller, Karl Todd

AU - Pantano, Carlo G.

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N2 - Antimony oxide is added to alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses primarily as a fining agent. Recently, it was observed that the surface of commercial fusion-drawn Sb2O3-fined calcium alumino borosilicate glass shows a significant segregation of Sb2O 3 to the surface. Thus, the motivation for the work reported here was to explore the structure of the Sb-oxide enriched surface layer, and more generally, to understand the effects of Sb oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses. To mimic the enriched amounts of Sb2O3 found on the surface of the Sb2O 3 fined commercial glasses, a series of glasses were produced in which the silicon dioxide to antimony oxide ratio was varied, while the relative concentration of other components was held constant. 29Si, 27Al, and 11B NMR spectra were obtained to probe the effect of increased amounts of Sb2O3 on the structure of the model glasses. The results show that Sb2O3 enters the aluminoborosilicate network, and thereby increases the connectivity of the structure. Relative to the Sb-oxide enriched surface layer on commercial fusion drawn glass, these findings suggest a higher Tg, lower expansion, and more chemically durable surface for such antimony-oxide fined glasses.

AB - Antimony oxide is added to alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses primarily as a fining agent. Recently, it was observed that the surface of commercial fusion-drawn Sb2O3-fined calcium alumino borosilicate glass shows a significant segregation of Sb2O 3 to the surface. Thus, the motivation for the work reported here was to explore the structure of the Sb-oxide enriched surface layer, and more generally, to understand the effects of Sb oxide on the structure of alkaline-earth alumino borosilicate glasses. To mimic the enriched amounts of Sb2O3 found on the surface of the Sb2O 3 fined commercial glasses, a series of glasses were produced in which the silicon dioxide to antimony oxide ratio was varied, while the relative concentration of other components was held constant. 29Si, 27Al, and 11B NMR spectra were obtained to probe the effect of increased amounts of Sb2O3 on the structure of the model glasses. The results show that Sb2O3 enters the aluminoborosilicate network, and thereby increases the connectivity of the structure. Relative to the Sb-oxide enriched surface layer on commercial fusion drawn glass, these findings suggest a higher Tg, lower expansion, and more chemically durable surface for such antimony-oxide fined glasses.

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