The effects of DC current on the tensile properties of metals

Carl Ross, John T. Roth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When fabricating parts, deformation is commonly conducted in a "warm" or "hot" state in order to reduce the total energy required to form the metal. However, there are several negative effects associated with this method of energy reduction (e.g., high tool/die adhesions, environmental reactivity, etc.) Hence, another more efficient method of reducing the total deformation energy would be very beneficial. This paper examines an alternative means of reducing the energy by applying an electrical current and also determines how the material's tensile properties are affected while the current is present. Also investigated are the influences of strain rate and cold work on the electrical effects. The stress-strain curves indicate that, when current flows through a metallic specimen, the energy required to cause deformation is greatly decreased; demonstrating that electricity provides a viable alternative to increasing the workpiece temperature. However, the effect of the electricity diminishes with increasing strain rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Materials Division 2005
Pages363-372
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Event2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2005 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2005Nov 11 2005

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Materials Division (Publication) MD
Volume100 MD
ISSN (Print)1071-6939

Other

Other2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2005
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period11/5/0511/11/05

Fingerprint

Tensile properties
Strain rate
Electricity
Metals
Stress-strain curves
Adhesion
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Ross, C., & Roth, J. T. (2005). The effects of DC current on the tensile properties of metals. In Proceedings of the ASME Materials Division 2005 (pp. 363-372). (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Materials Division (Publication) MD; Vol. 100 MD). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2005-81072
Ross, Carl ; Roth, John T. / The effects of DC current on the tensile properties of metals. Proceedings of the ASME Materials Division 2005. 2005. pp. 363-372 (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Materials Division (Publication) MD).
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Ross, C & Roth, JT 2005, The effects of DC current on the tensile properties of metals. in Proceedings of the ASME Materials Division 2005. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Materials Division (Publication) MD, vol. 100 MD, pp. 363-372, 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2005, Orlando, FL, United States, 11/5/05. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2005-81072

The effects of DC current on the tensile properties of metals. / Ross, Carl; Roth, John T.

Proceedings of the ASME Materials Division 2005. 2005. p. 363-372 (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Materials Division (Publication) MD; Vol. 100 MD).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Ross C, Roth JT. The effects of DC current on the tensile properties of metals. In Proceedings of the ASME Materials Division 2005. 2005. p. 363-372. (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Materials Division (Publication) MD). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2005-81072