The effects of employment status and daily stressors on time spent on daily household chores in middle-aged and older adults

Jen D. Wong, David M. Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of the study:This study examines how employment status (worker vs. retiree) and life course influences (age, gender, and marital status) are associated with time spent on daily household chores. Second, this study assesses whether the associations between daily stressors and time spent on daily household chores differ as a function of employment status and life course influences.Design and methods:Men and women aged 55-74 from the National Study of Daily Experiences (N = 268; 133 workers and 135 retirees), a part of the National Survey of Midlife in the United States (MIDUS), completed telephone interviews regarding their daily experiences across 8 consecutive evenings.Results:Working women spent more than double the amount of time on daily household chores than working men. Unmarried retirees spent the most time on daily household chores in comparison to their counterparts. There was a trend toward significance for the association between home stressors from the previous day and time spent on daily household chores as a function of employment and marital status.Implications:These findings highlight the importance of gender and marital status in the associations between employment status and time spent on daily household chores and the role that daily stressors, in particular home stressful events, have on daily household chore participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-91
Number of pages11
JournalGerontologist
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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