The effects of federal housing assistance on exiting welfare and becoming employed for welfare recipients

Mark F. Owens, Charles L. Baum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Welfare reform's success in encouraging employment may be affected by the federal housing program because many households receive welfare and housing assistance. Housing assistance could discourage employment because housing subsidies are reduced proportionally with earnings; alternatively, it could encourage employment by increasing stability and allowing more resources to be allocated toward employment-related expenses. We examine housing assistance's effects on exiting welfare and becoming employed. Remaining on welfare is positively associated with receiving housing assistance, but fixed effects models suggest this is due to correlation with unmeasured factors rather than a causal effect. We find little association between housing assistance and employment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-151
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Poverty
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Sociology and Political Science

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