The effects of industrial clusters on the poverty rate

Christopher Stiles Fowler, Rachel Garshick Kleit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Industrial clusters are widely understood as a worthwhile target of local economic development resources. Nevertheless, most of the work on cluster development has asserted benefits that accrue to a regional economy as a whole, with little or no focus on specific links between clusters and poverty alleviation. This article seeks to understand the degree to which economic clusters are associated with lower poverty rates. Specifically, using spatial regression analysis techniques, we examine patterns that link clusters to poverty rates while controlling for the presence of other factors that shape the distribution of poverty in the United States. When controlling for other economic and demographic factors in a multivariate framework, the presence of industrial clusters is associated with lower poverty rates. Moreover, regions with a higher share of employment in clusters, and with that employment dispersed across many industries within the same cluster, fare even better than those where employment is concentrated in a single industry. Furthermore, while there is evidence that particular clusters are associated with significantly altered poverty rates, not all of these associations are beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-154
Number of pages26
JournalEconomic Geography
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

poverty
poverty alleviation
regional economy
industry
economics
demographic factors
regression analysis
economic development
economic factors
rate
effect
Poverty
Industrial cluster
pricing
resource
resources
evidence
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Fowler, Christopher Stiles ; Kleit, Rachel Garshick. / The effects of industrial clusters on the poverty rate. In: Economic Geography. 2014 ; Vol. 90, No. 2. pp. 129-154.
@article{974226574ee541e0b6d323b20f354706,
title = "The effects of industrial clusters on the poverty rate",
abstract = "Industrial clusters are widely understood as a worthwhile target of local economic development resources. Nevertheless, most of the work on cluster development has asserted benefits that accrue to a regional economy as a whole, with little or no focus on specific links between clusters and poverty alleviation. This article seeks to understand the degree to which economic clusters are associated with lower poverty rates. Specifically, using spatial regression analysis techniques, we examine patterns that link clusters to poverty rates while controlling for the presence of other factors that shape the distribution of poverty in the United States. When controlling for other economic and demographic factors in a multivariate framework, the presence of industrial clusters is associated with lower poverty rates. Moreover, regions with a higher share of employment in clusters, and with that employment dispersed across many industries within the same cluster, fare even better than those where employment is concentrated in a single industry. Furthermore, while there is evidence that particular clusters are associated with significantly altered poverty rates, not all of these associations are beneficial.",
author = "Fowler, {Christopher Stiles} and Kleit, {Rachel Garshick}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/ecge.12038",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "90",
pages = "129--154",
journal = "Economic Geography",
issn = "0013-0095",
publisher = "Clark University",
number = "2",

}

The effects of industrial clusters on the poverty rate. / Fowler, Christopher Stiles; Kleit, Rachel Garshick.

In: Economic Geography, Vol. 90, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 129-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of industrial clusters on the poverty rate

AU - Fowler, Christopher Stiles

AU - Kleit, Rachel Garshick

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Industrial clusters are widely understood as a worthwhile target of local economic development resources. Nevertheless, most of the work on cluster development has asserted benefits that accrue to a regional economy as a whole, with little or no focus on specific links between clusters and poverty alleviation. This article seeks to understand the degree to which economic clusters are associated with lower poverty rates. Specifically, using spatial regression analysis techniques, we examine patterns that link clusters to poverty rates while controlling for the presence of other factors that shape the distribution of poverty in the United States. When controlling for other economic and demographic factors in a multivariate framework, the presence of industrial clusters is associated with lower poverty rates. Moreover, regions with a higher share of employment in clusters, and with that employment dispersed across many industries within the same cluster, fare even better than those where employment is concentrated in a single industry. Furthermore, while there is evidence that particular clusters are associated with significantly altered poverty rates, not all of these associations are beneficial.

AB - Industrial clusters are widely understood as a worthwhile target of local economic development resources. Nevertheless, most of the work on cluster development has asserted benefits that accrue to a regional economy as a whole, with little or no focus on specific links between clusters and poverty alleviation. This article seeks to understand the degree to which economic clusters are associated with lower poverty rates. Specifically, using spatial regression analysis techniques, we examine patterns that link clusters to poverty rates while controlling for the presence of other factors that shape the distribution of poverty in the United States. When controlling for other economic and demographic factors in a multivariate framework, the presence of industrial clusters is associated with lower poverty rates. Moreover, regions with a higher share of employment in clusters, and with that employment dispersed across many industries within the same cluster, fare even better than those where employment is concentrated in a single industry. Furthermore, while there is evidence that particular clusters are associated with significantly altered poverty rates, not all of these associations are beneficial.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84898055907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84898055907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/ecge.12038

DO - 10.1111/ecge.12038

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84898055907

VL - 90

SP - 129

EP - 154

JO - Economic Geography

JF - Economic Geography

SN - 0013-0095

IS - 2

ER -