Existing research suggests that foreign direct investment (FDI) flows into countries with good institutional infrastructure. We distinguish between general environmental institutions (GEI) that promote societal interests at large, and minority investor protection (MIP) institutions that promote the interests of a specific group, and argue that these types of institutions affect international investments differently. We tested this hypothesis by examining the effects of institutional distance on international M&A activities of US firms during 1981–2008. We found that better GEI in the host country attracts inflowing FDI while better MIP may discourage it, because of the perception that it reduces the potential gain an acquiring firm can earn from an international acquisition in that country.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Business and International Management