The effects of military-connected parental absence on the behavioural and academic functioning of children: A literature review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose - Military-connected students experience a high rate of parental absence due to their parents' military obligations. Military work-related parental absences can affect school-aged children's emotional and behavioural health and overall academic functioning. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach - The current review identified research studies that explored the effects of military-connected parental absence on school-aged children. Specifically, quantitative and qualitative research studies that examine the impact of military parental absences on dependent variables related to internalising and externalising behaviours and academic functioning were of interest. In all, 26 studies were identified for inclusion in the review. Findings - Overall, military-connected students who experience a parental absence due to military service are more likely to exhibit an increase in problem behaviours and a decrease in academic functioning compared to civilian peers or military-connected peers who were not experiencing parental absence. Originality/value - The current review elucidates parental absence within the military context, highlighting key factors that may contribute to increased and decreased behavioural and academic functioning of military-connected students. Results from the review in relation to risk and protective factors formilitary-connected students, future research and school programming directions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-306
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Children's Services
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law

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