The effects of simulated particle deposition on film cooling

S. A. Lawson, Karen Ann Thole

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Scopus citations


Diminishing natural gas resources has increased incentive to develop cleaner, more efficient combined cycle power plants capable of burning alternative fuels such as coal-derived synthesis gas (syngas). Although syngas is typically filtered, particulate matter still exists in the hot gas path that has proven to be detrimental to the life of turbine components. Solid and molten particles deposit on film cooled surfaces that can alter cooling dynamics and block cooling holes. To gain an understanding of the effects that particle deposits have on film cooling, a methodology was developed to simulate deposition in a low speed wind tunnel using a low melt wax, which can simulate solid and molten phases. A facility was constructed to simulate particle deposition on a flat plate with a row of film cooling holes. Infrared thermography was used to measure wall temperatures for quantifying spatially resolved adiabatic effectiveness values in the vicinity of the film cooling holes as deposition occurred. Results showed that deposition reduced cooling effectiveness by approximately 20% at momentum flux ratios of 0.23 and 0.5 and only 6% at a momentum flux ratio of 0.95.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2009
Subtitle of host publicationPower for Land, Sea and Air
Number of pages11
EditionPART A
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event2009 ASME Turbo Expo - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Jun 8 2009Jun 12 2009


Other2009 ASME Turbo Expo
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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