The effects of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on bottom stress and suspended sediment transport - A 3D numerical study

Zheyu Zhou, Tian Jian Hsu, Francis C.K. Ting, Xiaofeng Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

To better understand the effect of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on nearshore sand transport, we carry out a 3D Large Eddy Simulation study of breaking solitary wave in spilling condition. Using a turbulence-resolving approach, we investigate the formation and evolution of wave-breaking-induced turbulent coherent structures, commonly known as obliquely descending eddies (ODEs), and how they may interact with the bed and enhance the suspended sediment transport. The numerical implementation is based on an open-source CFD library of solvers, called OpenFOAM®, where the incompressible 3D filtered Navier-Stokes equations for the water and the air phases are solved with a finite volume scheme. The evolution of the water-air interfaces are approximated with a Volume of Fluid (VOF) method. With the dynamic Smagorinsky closure, the numerical model results show good agreement with measured wave flume data of solitary wave breaking over a 1/50 sloping beach. Simulation results show that 3D hairpin vortices are generated under breaking wave, and they possess counter-rotating and downburst features, which are the key characteristics of obliquely descending eddies (ODEs) observed by earlier laboratory studies with Particle Image Velocimetry. A suspended sediment transport formulation (Liu and Garcia 2008) has been incorporated into the present hydrodynamic solver as part of the OpenFOAM® framework. Model results suggest that those ODEs that impinge onto the bed can cause significant bottom sediment suspension, and the location of the sediment plume is highly associated with the impinging points of ODEs but with notable time-lag.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014
EditorsPatrick Lynett
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
ISBN (Electronic)9780989661126
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jun 15 2014Jun 20 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference
Volume2014-January
ISSN (Print)0161-3782

Other

Other34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period6/15/146/20/14

Fingerprint

Suspended sediments
bottom stress
wave breaking
Sediment transport
suspended sediment
sediment transport
eddy
Turbulence
turbulence
solitary wave
breaking wave
Solitons
Sediments
Navier-Stokes equations
large eddy simulation
Large eddy simulation
air
Beaches
Air
Velocity measurement

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Zhou, Z., Hsu, T. J., Ting, F. C. K., & Liu, X. (2014). The effects of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on bottom stress and suspended sediment transport - A 3D numerical study. In P. Lynett (Ed.), Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014 (Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference; Vol. 2014-January). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).
Zhou, Zheyu ; Hsu, Tian Jian ; Ting, Francis C.K. ; Liu, Xiaofeng. / The effects of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on bottom stress and suspended sediment transport - A 3D numerical study. Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014. editor / Patrick Lynett. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014. (Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference).
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title = "The effects of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on bottom stress and suspended sediment transport - A 3D numerical study",
abstract = "To better understand the effect of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on nearshore sand transport, we carry out a 3D Large Eddy Simulation study of breaking solitary wave in spilling condition. Using a turbulence-resolving approach, we investigate the formation and evolution of wave-breaking-induced turbulent coherent structures, commonly known as obliquely descending eddies (ODEs), and how they may interact with the bed and enhance the suspended sediment transport. The numerical implementation is based on an open-source CFD library of solvers, called OpenFOAM{\circledR}, where the incompressible 3D filtered Navier-Stokes equations for the water and the air phases are solved with a finite volume scheme. The evolution of the water-air interfaces are approximated with a Volume of Fluid (VOF) method. With the dynamic Smagorinsky closure, the numerical model results show good agreement with measured wave flume data of solitary wave breaking over a 1/50 sloping beach. Simulation results show that 3D hairpin vortices are generated under breaking wave, and they possess counter-rotating and downburst features, which are the key characteristics of obliquely descending eddies (ODEs) observed by earlier laboratory studies with Particle Image Velocimetry. A suspended sediment transport formulation (Liu and Garcia 2008) has been incorporated into the present hydrodynamic solver as part of the OpenFOAM{\circledR} framework. Model results suggest that those ODEs that impinge onto the bed can cause significant bottom sediment suspension, and the location of the sediment plume is highly associated with the impinging points of ODEs but with notable time-lag.",
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Zhou, Z, Hsu, TJ, Ting, FCK & Liu, X 2014, The effects of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on bottom stress and suspended sediment transport - A 3D numerical study. in P Lynett (ed.), Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014. Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference, vol. 2014-January, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014, Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 6/15/14.

The effects of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on bottom stress and suspended sediment transport - A 3D numerical study. / Zhou, Zheyu; Hsu, Tian Jian; Ting, Francis C.K.; Liu, Xiaofeng.

Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014. ed. / Patrick Lynett. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014. (Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference; Vol. 2014-January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - To better understand the effect of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on nearshore sand transport, we carry out a 3D Large Eddy Simulation study of breaking solitary wave in spilling condition. Using a turbulence-resolving approach, we investigate the formation and evolution of wave-breaking-induced turbulent coherent structures, commonly known as obliquely descending eddies (ODEs), and how they may interact with the bed and enhance the suspended sediment transport. The numerical implementation is based on an open-source CFD library of solvers, called OpenFOAM®, where the incompressible 3D filtered Navier-Stokes equations for the water and the air phases are solved with a finite volume scheme. The evolution of the water-air interfaces are approximated with a Volume of Fluid (VOF) method. With the dynamic Smagorinsky closure, the numerical model results show good agreement with measured wave flume data of solitary wave breaking over a 1/50 sloping beach. Simulation results show that 3D hairpin vortices are generated under breaking wave, and they possess counter-rotating and downburst features, which are the key characteristics of obliquely descending eddies (ODEs) observed by earlier laboratory studies with Particle Image Velocimetry. A suspended sediment transport formulation (Liu and Garcia 2008) has been incorporated into the present hydrodynamic solver as part of the OpenFOAM® framework. Model results suggest that those ODEs that impinge onto the bed can cause significant bottom sediment suspension, and the location of the sediment plume is highly associated with the impinging points of ODEs but with notable time-lag.

AB - To better understand the effect of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on nearshore sand transport, we carry out a 3D Large Eddy Simulation study of breaking solitary wave in spilling condition. Using a turbulence-resolving approach, we investigate the formation and evolution of wave-breaking-induced turbulent coherent structures, commonly known as obliquely descending eddies (ODEs), and how they may interact with the bed and enhance the suspended sediment transport. The numerical implementation is based on an open-source CFD library of solvers, called OpenFOAM®, where the incompressible 3D filtered Navier-Stokes equations for the water and the air phases are solved with a finite volume scheme. The evolution of the water-air interfaces are approximated with a Volume of Fluid (VOF) method. With the dynamic Smagorinsky closure, the numerical model results show good agreement with measured wave flume data of solitary wave breaking over a 1/50 sloping beach. Simulation results show that 3D hairpin vortices are generated under breaking wave, and they possess counter-rotating and downburst features, which are the key characteristics of obliquely descending eddies (ODEs) observed by earlier laboratory studies with Particle Image Velocimetry. A suspended sediment transport formulation (Liu and Garcia 2008) has been incorporated into the present hydrodynamic solver as part of the OpenFOAM® framework. Model results suggest that those ODEs that impinge onto the bed can cause significant bottom sediment suspension, and the location of the sediment plume is highly associated with the impinging points of ODEs but with notable time-lag.

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Zhou Z, Hsu TJ, Ting FCK, Liu X. The effects of wave-breaking-induced turbulence on bottom stress and suspended sediment transport - A 3D numerical study. In Lynett P, editor, Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2014. (Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference).