Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of carperitide (human atrial natriuretic peptide [h-ANP]) in perioperative management in patients with renal dysfunction, especially its kidney-protecting effects. Patients and Methods: The subjects were 18 patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with a preoperative serum creatinine (Cr) level of 1.2 mg/dl or more. The subjects were prospectively assigned to 2 groups: an h-ANPtreated group (Group H, n = 10) and a non-h-ANP-treated group (Group N, n = 8). At the beginning of surgery, h-ANP administration was initiated and continued for 5 days or more. The central dose was 0.02 μ;/kg/min. The primary end point included the serum Cr level and creatinine clearance (Ccr). Results: In Group H, Cr level significantly decreased after surgery compared to the preoperative level. The Ccr values were significantly higher 2 and 3 days after surgery than the preoperative values. And the intraoperative urine volume significantly increased. In Group H, an increase in urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) level the day after surgery was significantly inhibited in comparison with Group N. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that in patients with renal dysfunction before cardiac surgery, continuous low-dose h-ANP therapy maintains renal function, preventing its deterioration. (Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 14: 294-302).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine