The efficacy, safety, and practicality of treatments for adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Bradley H. Smith, Daniel A. Waschbusch, Michael T. Willoughby, Steven Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies examining interventions for adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were reviewed to evaluate their efficacy. These efficacy findings were supplemented with a preliminary system for judging safety and practicality. Results suggest that the stimulant drug methylphenidate (MPH) is safe and well-established empirically, but has some problems with inconvenience and noncompliance. Preliminary research supports the efficacy, safety, and practicality of some psychotherapeutic interventions, including behavioral classroom interventions, note-taking training, and family therapy. Treatment with tricyclic antidepressants was judged to have minimal empirical support and debatable safety. Very little is known about long-term effectiveness of treatments, long-term compliance, or multimodal treatments for adolescents such as stimulants plus behavior therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-267
Number of pages25
JournalClinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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