The environmental Kuznets curve for US counties: A spatial econometric analysis with extensions

Anil Rupasingha, Stephan J. Goetz, David L. Debertin, Angelos Pagoulatos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examine the relationship between county per capita income and toxic pollutants using a comprehensive model of the Environmental Kuznets Curve. The model incorporates ethnic diversity, spatial effects and most independent variables used in previous studies. Initial results suggest that the relationship follows an inverted-U-shape. However, incorporation of a cubic term for income reveals that toxic pollution eventually increases again as income continues to rise. Ethnic diversity and spatial effects are found to be important in understanding toxic pollution in US counties. We also detect an EKC-type relationship with respect to income inequality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-424
Number of pages18
JournalPapers in Regional Science
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004

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Kuznets curve
econometrics
income
pollutant
analysis
county
toxic pollution
effect

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Rupasingha, Anil ; Goetz, Stephan J. ; Debertin, David L. ; Pagoulatos, Angelos. / The environmental Kuznets curve for US counties : A spatial econometric analysis with extensions. In: Papers in Regional Science. 2004 ; Vol. 83, No. 2. pp. 407-424.
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The environmental Kuznets curve for US counties : A spatial econometric analysis with extensions. / Rupasingha, Anil; Goetz, Stephan J.; Debertin, David L.; Pagoulatos, Angelos.

In: Papers in Regional Science, Vol. 83, No. 2, 01.04.2004, p. 407-424.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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