The introduction of new immunosuppressive agents into clinical transplantation in the 1990s has resulted in excellent short-term graft survival. Nonetheless, extended long-term graft outcomes have not been achieved due in part to the nephrotoxic effects of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) and the adverse effects of steroid on cardiovascular disease risk factors. Induction therapy with lymphocyte depleting antibodies has originally been introduced into renal transplantation to provide intense immunosuppression in the early post-transplant period to prevent allograft rejection. Over the past half decade, induction therapy with both non-lymphocyte depleting (basiliximab and daclizumab) and lymphocyte-depleting antibodies (antithymocyte antibodies, OKT3, alemtuzumab) has increasingly been utilized in steroid or CNI sparing protocols in the early postoperative period. Alemtuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeted against CD52 on the surface of circulatory mononuclear cells. The ability of alemtuzumab (Campath-1H) to provide rapid and profound depletion of lymphocytes from the peripheral blood has sparked interest in the use of this agent as induction therapy in steroid and/or CNI minimization or avoidance protocols. This article provides an overview of the literarure on the evolving role of alemtuzumab in renal transplantation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Drug Design, Development and Therapy|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery