The factor V Leiden mutation, high factor VIII, and high plasminogen activator inhibitor activity: Etiologies for sporadic miscarriage

Charles J. Glueck, Joel Pranikoff, Dawit Aregawi, Mofiz Haque, Binghua Zhu, Trent Tracy, Ping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We hypothesized that the thrombophilic G1691A factor V Leiden gene mutation was a common significant cause of sporadic first trimester miscarriage. We compared thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis in 92 women (85 white, 5 black, 2 other) with 1 or more pregnancies and 1 miscarriage (143 live births, 92 miscarriages) (cases) and in 380 female controls (355 white, 21 black, 4 other) with 1 or more pregnancies and 0 miscarriages (964 live births). We used polymerase chain reaction techniques to characterize thrombophilic gene mutations (G1691A V Leiden [FV], G20210A prothrombin, C677T/A1298C MTHFR) and hypofibrinolytic gene mutations (plasminogen activator inhibitor [PAI-1] activity 4G4G). We carried out serologic measures of thrombophilia (homocysteine, anticardiolipin antibodies [ACLA] immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M, lupus anticoagulant, factor VIII, factor XI, protein C, total and free protein S, antithrombin III) and hypofibrinolysis (plasminogen activator inhibitor activity [PAI-Fx], lipoprotein[a]). Of the 380 controls, 6 (1.6%) had FV heterozygosity vs 12 heterozygous and 2 homozygous FV cases (15.2% [14/92]; P < .0001). Plasminogen activator inhibitor activity was high (≥21.1 U/mL) in 21 (33%) of 63 cases vs 27 (18%) of 152 controls (P = .013). Factor VIII was high (>150%) in 15 (31%) of 48 cases vs 19 (18%) of 103 controls (P = .079). By logistic regression, with age and factor VIII (categorical [≤150%, >150%]) as explanatory variables and group (cases, controls) as the dependent variable, after adjusting for age, high factor VIII was a significant predictor for miscarriage (odds ratio, 3.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.34-8.04; P = .01). There were no other group differences (P > .05) in measures of thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis. After unexplained sporadic first trimester miscarriage, we suggest that measurements be done of the FV mutation, PAI-Fx, and factor VIII, etiologies for sporadic miscarriage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1345-1349
Number of pages5
JournalMetabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Volume54
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

Fingerprint

Plasminogen Inactivators
Factor VIII
Spontaneous Abortion
Mutation
Thrombophilia
Age Factors
Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
Live Birth
First Pregnancy Trimester
Factor XI
Genes
Lupus Coagulation Inhibitor
Anticardiolipin Antibodies
Pregnancy
Antithrombin III
Protein S
Prothrombin
Homocysteine
Protein C
factor V Leiden

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Glueck, Charles J. ; Pranikoff, Joel ; Aregawi, Dawit ; Haque, Mofiz ; Zhu, Binghua ; Tracy, Trent ; Wang, Ping. / The factor V Leiden mutation, high factor VIII, and high plasminogen activator inhibitor activity : Etiologies for sporadic miscarriage. In: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental. 2005 ; Vol. 54, No. 10. pp. 1345-1349.
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The factor V Leiden mutation, high factor VIII, and high plasminogen activator inhibitor activity : Etiologies for sporadic miscarriage. / Glueck, Charles J.; Pranikoff, Joel; Aregawi, Dawit; Haque, Mofiz; Zhu, Binghua; Tracy, Trent; Wang, Ping.

In: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, Vol. 54, No. 10, 01.10.2005, p. 1345-1349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The factor V Leiden mutation, high factor VIII, and high plasminogen activator inhibitor activity

T2 - Etiologies for sporadic miscarriage

AU - Glueck, Charles J.

AU - Pranikoff, Joel

AU - Aregawi, Dawit

AU - Haque, Mofiz

AU - Zhu, Binghua

AU - Tracy, Trent

AU - Wang, Ping

PY - 2005/10/1

Y1 - 2005/10/1

N2 - We hypothesized that the thrombophilic G1691A factor V Leiden gene mutation was a common significant cause of sporadic first trimester miscarriage. We compared thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis in 92 women (85 white, 5 black, 2 other) with 1 or more pregnancies and 1 miscarriage (143 live births, 92 miscarriages) (cases) and in 380 female controls (355 white, 21 black, 4 other) with 1 or more pregnancies and 0 miscarriages (964 live births). We used polymerase chain reaction techniques to characterize thrombophilic gene mutations (G1691A V Leiden [FV], G20210A prothrombin, C677T/A1298C MTHFR) and hypofibrinolytic gene mutations (plasminogen activator inhibitor [PAI-1] activity 4G4G). We carried out serologic measures of thrombophilia (homocysteine, anticardiolipin antibodies [ACLA] immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M, lupus anticoagulant, factor VIII, factor XI, protein C, total and free protein S, antithrombin III) and hypofibrinolysis (plasminogen activator inhibitor activity [PAI-Fx], lipoprotein[a]). Of the 380 controls, 6 (1.6%) had FV heterozygosity vs 12 heterozygous and 2 homozygous FV cases (15.2% [14/92]; P < .0001). Plasminogen activator inhibitor activity was high (≥21.1 U/mL) in 21 (33%) of 63 cases vs 27 (18%) of 152 controls (P = .013). Factor VIII was high (>150%) in 15 (31%) of 48 cases vs 19 (18%) of 103 controls (P = .079). By logistic regression, with age and factor VIII (categorical [≤150%, >150%]) as explanatory variables and group (cases, controls) as the dependent variable, after adjusting for age, high factor VIII was a significant predictor for miscarriage (odds ratio, 3.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.34-8.04; P = .01). There were no other group differences (P > .05) in measures of thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis. After unexplained sporadic first trimester miscarriage, we suggest that measurements be done of the FV mutation, PAI-Fx, and factor VIII, etiologies for sporadic miscarriage.

AB - We hypothesized that the thrombophilic G1691A factor V Leiden gene mutation was a common significant cause of sporadic first trimester miscarriage. We compared thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis in 92 women (85 white, 5 black, 2 other) with 1 or more pregnancies and 1 miscarriage (143 live births, 92 miscarriages) (cases) and in 380 female controls (355 white, 21 black, 4 other) with 1 or more pregnancies and 0 miscarriages (964 live births). We used polymerase chain reaction techniques to characterize thrombophilic gene mutations (G1691A V Leiden [FV], G20210A prothrombin, C677T/A1298C MTHFR) and hypofibrinolytic gene mutations (plasminogen activator inhibitor [PAI-1] activity 4G4G). We carried out serologic measures of thrombophilia (homocysteine, anticardiolipin antibodies [ACLA] immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M, lupus anticoagulant, factor VIII, factor XI, protein C, total and free protein S, antithrombin III) and hypofibrinolysis (plasminogen activator inhibitor activity [PAI-Fx], lipoprotein[a]). Of the 380 controls, 6 (1.6%) had FV heterozygosity vs 12 heterozygous and 2 homozygous FV cases (15.2% [14/92]; P < .0001). Plasminogen activator inhibitor activity was high (≥21.1 U/mL) in 21 (33%) of 63 cases vs 27 (18%) of 152 controls (P = .013). Factor VIII was high (>150%) in 15 (31%) of 48 cases vs 19 (18%) of 103 controls (P = .079). By logistic regression, with age and factor VIII (categorical [≤150%, >150%]) as explanatory variables and group (cases, controls) as the dependent variable, after adjusting for age, high factor VIII was a significant predictor for miscarriage (odds ratio, 3.28; 95% confidence interval, 1.34-8.04; P = .01). There were no other group differences (P > .05) in measures of thrombophilia and hypofibrinolysis. After unexplained sporadic first trimester miscarriage, we suggest that measurements be done of the FV mutation, PAI-Fx, and factor VIII, etiologies for sporadic miscarriage.

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