The Fas-associated death domain protein is required in apoptosis and TLR-induced proliferative responses in B cells

Hongxia Z. Imtiyaz, Stephen Rosenberg, Yuhang Zhang, Ziaur S.M. Rahman, Ying Ju Hou, Tim Manser, Jianke Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD)/Mort1 is a signaling adaptor protein which mediates the activation of caspase 8 during death receptor-induced apoptosis. Disruption of FADD in germ cells results in death receptor-independent embryonic lethality in mice. Previous studies indicated that in addition to its function in apoptosis, FADD is also required in peripheral T cell homeostasis and TCR-induced proliferative responses. In this report, we generated B cell-specific FADD-deficient mice and showed that deletion of FADD at the pro-B cell stage had minor effects on B cell development in the bone marrow, and resulted in increased splenic and lymph node B cell numbers and decreased peritoneal B1 cell numbers. As in T cells, a FADD deficiency inhibited Fas-induced apoptosis in B cells. However, B cell-proliferative responses induced by stimulation of the BCR and CD40 using anti-IgM or anti-CD40 Abs were unaffected by the absence of FADD. Further analyses revealed that FADD-deficient B cells were defective in proliferative responses induced by treatments with dsRNA and LPS which stimulate TLR3 and TLR4, respectively. Therefore, in addition to its apoptotic function, FADD also plays a role in TLR3- and TLR4-induced proliferative responses in B cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6852-6861
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume176
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The Fas-associated death domain protein is required in apoptosis and TLR-induced proliferative responses in B cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this