Emissions from solid-fuel cookstoves have been linked to indoor and outdoor air pollution, climate forcing, and human disease. Although task-based laboratory protocols, such as the Water Boiling Test (WBT), overestimate the ability of improved stoves to lower emissions, WBT emissions data are commonly used to benchmark cookstove performance, estimate indoor and outdoor air pollution concentrations, estimate impacts of stove intervention projects, and select stoves for large-scale control trials. Multiple-firepower testing has been proposed as an alternative to the WBT and is the basis for a new standardized protocol (ISO 19867-1:2018); however, data are needed to assess the value of this approach. In this work, we (a) developed a Firepower Sweep Test [FST], (b) compared emissions from the FST, WBT, and in-home cooking, and (c) quantified the relationship between firepower and emissions using correlation analysis and linear model selection. Twenty-three stove-fuel combinations were evaluated. The FST reproduced the range of PM2.5 and CO emissions observed in the field, including high emissions events not typically observed under the WBT. Firepower was modestly correlated with emissions, although the relationship varied between stove-fuel combinations. Our results justify incorporating multiple-firepower testing into laboratory-based protocols but demonstrate that firepower alone cannot explain the observed variability in cookstove emissions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health