The G infrared search for extraterrestrial civilizations with large energy supplies. iii. the reddest extended sources in wise

Roger L. Griffith, Jason Wright, Jessica Maldonado, Matthew S. Povich, Steinn Sigurdsson, Brendan Mullan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nearby Type iii (galaxy-spanning) Kardashev supercivilizations would have high mid-infrared (MIR) luminosities. We have used the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) to survey galaxies for extreme MIR emission, 1 x 103 times more galaxies than the only previous such search. We have calibrated the WISE All-sky Catalog pipeline products to improve their photometry for extended sources. We present 563 extended sources with and red MIR colors, having visually vetted them to remove artifacts. No galaxies in our sample host an alien civilization reprocessing more than 85% of its starlight into the MIR, and only 50 galaxies, including Arp 220, have MIR luminosities consistent with % reprocessing. Ninety of these (likely) extragalactic sources have little literature presence; in most cases, they are likely barely resolved galaxies or pairs of galaxies undergoing large amounts of star formation. Five are new to science and deserve further study. The Be star 48 Librae sits within a MIR nebula, and we suggest that it may be creating dust. WISE, 2MASS, and Spitzer imagery shows that IRAS 04287+6444 is consistent with a previously unnoticed, heavily extinguished cluster of young stellar objects. We identify five "passive" (i.e., red) spiral galaxies with unusually high MIR and low NUV luminosity. We search a set of H i dark galaxies for MIR emission and find none. These 90 poorly understood sources and 5 anomalous passive spirals deserve follow-up via both SETI and conventional astrophysics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number25
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume217
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

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civilization
galaxies
Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer
energy
astrophysics
luminosity
artifact
imagery
Project SETI
dust
energy supply
Infrared Astronomy Satellite
spiral galaxies
nebulae
catalogs
photometry
sky
artifacts
star formation
color

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "The G infrared search for extraterrestrial civilizations with large energy supplies. iii. the reddest extended sources in wise",
abstract = "Nearby Type iii (galaxy-spanning) Kardashev supercivilizations would have high mid-infrared (MIR) luminosities. We have used the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) to survey galaxies for extreme MIR emission, 1 x 103 times more galaxies than the only previous such search. We have calibrated the WISE All-sky Catalog pipeline products to improve their photometry for extended sources. We present 563 extended sources with and red MIR colors, having visually vetted them to remove artifacts. No galaxies in our sample host an alien civilization reprocessing more than 85{\%} of its starlight into the MIR, and only 50 galaxies, including Arp 220, have MIR luminosities consistent with {\%} reprocessing. Ninety of these (likely) extragalactic sources have little literature presence; in most cases, they are likely barely resolved galaxies or pairs of galaxies undergoing large amounts of star formation. Five are new to science and deserve further study. The Be star 48 Librae sits within a MIR nebula, and we suggest that it may be creating dust. WISE, 2MASS, and Spitzer imagery shows that IRAS 04287+6444 is consistent with a previously unnoticed, heavily extinguished cluster of young stellar objects. We identify five {"}passive{"} (i.e., red) spiral galaxies with unusually high MIR and low NUV luminosity. We search a set of H i dark galaxies for MIR emission and find none. These 90 poorly understood sources and 5 anomalous passive spirals deserve follow-up via both SETI and conventional astrophysics.",
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The G infrared search for extraterrestrial civilizations with large energy supplies. iii. the reddest extended sources in wise. / Griffith, Roger L.; Wright, Jason; Maldonado, Jessica; Povich, Matthew S.; Sigurdsson, Steinn; Mullan, Brendan.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 217, No. 2, 25, 01.04.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mullan, Brendan

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