The Geochemistry of Mass Extinction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The course of biological evolution is inextricably linked to that of the environment through an intricate network of feedbacks that span all scales of space and time. Disruptions to the environment have biological consequences, and vice versa. Fossils provide the prima facie evidence for biotic disruptions: catastrophic losses of global biodiversity at various times in the Phanerozoic. However, the forensic evidence for the causes and environmental consequences of these mass extinctions resides primarily in the geochemical composition of sedimentary rocks deposited during the extinction intervals. Thus, advancement in our understanding of mass extinctions requires detailed knowledge obtained from both paleontological and geochemical records. This chapter reviews the state of knowledge concerning the geochemistry of the 'big five' extinctions of the Phanerozoic: the Late Ordovician, the Late Devonian, the Permian-Triassic, the Triassic-Jurassic and the Cretaceous-Tertiary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTreatise on Geochemistry
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages385-397
Number of pages13
Volume9
ISBN (Print)9780080983004
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Fingerprint

Sedimentary rocks
Geochemistry
Biodiversity
mass extinction
Phanerozoic
Triassic
extinction
geochemistry
Feedback
Chemical analysis
sedimentary rock
Ordovician
Permian
Jurassic
biodiversity
fossil
Cretaceous
environmental consequence
loss

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Kump, L. (2013). The Geochemistry of Mass Extinction. In Treatise on Geochemistry: Second Edition (Vol. 9, pp. 385-397). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-095975-7.00714-2
Kump, Lee. / The Geochemistry of Mass Extinction. Treatise on Geochemistry: Second Edition. Vol. 9 Elsevier Inc., 2013. pp. 385-397
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Kump, L 2013, The Geochemistry of Mass Extinction. in Treatise on Geochemistry: Second Edition. vol. 9, Elsevier Inc., pp. 385-397. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-095975-7.00714-2

The Geochemistry of Mass Extinction. / Kump, Lee.

Treatise on Geochemistry: Second Edition. Vol. 9 Elsevier Inc., 2013. p. 385-397.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Kump L. The Geochemistry of Mass Extinction. In Treatise on Geochemistry: Second Edition. Vol. 9. Elsevier Inc. 2013. p. 385-397 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-095975-7.00714-2