The global commodification of wastewater

Christopher A. Scott, Liqa Raschid-Sally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


With growing scarcity and competition for water, urban wastewater is increasingly marketable because of its water and nutrient values. Commodification has implications for the current "residual" uses of wastewater (particularly by poor farmers in developing countries), for the risk of disease transmission, and for wastewater-dependent agro-ecosystems. Using examples from Pakistan, India, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mexico, and the United States, this paper contrasts commodification as it occurs in the developed and developing worlds and demonstrates the need for public information and coherent institutional frameworks, including private- and public-sector participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalWater International
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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