The Green Bank North Celestial Cap Pulsar Survey. V. Pulsar Census and Survey Sensitivity

A. E. McEwen, R. Spiewak, J. K. Swiggum, D. L. Kaplan, W. Fiore, G. Y. Agazie, H. Blumer, P. Chawla, M. Decesar, V. M. Kaspi, V. I. Kondratiev, M. Larose, L. Levin, R. S. Lynch, M. McLaughlin, M. Mingyar, H. Al Noori, S. M. Ransom, M. S.E. Roberts, A. SchmiedekampC. Schmiedekamp, X. Siemens, I. Stairs, K. Stovall, M. Surnis, J. Van Leeuwen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Green Bank North Celestial Cap (GBNCC) pulsar survey will cover the entire northern sky (δ >-40°) at 350 MHz, and is one of the most uniform and sensitive all-sky pulsar surveys to date. We have created a pipeline to reanalyze GBNCC survey data to take a 350 MHz census of all pulsars detected by the survey, regardless of their discovery survey. Of the 1413 pulsars in the survey region, we were able to recover 670. For these we present measured signal-to-noise ratios (S/N), flux densities, pulse widths, profiles, and where appropriate, refined measurements of dispersion measures (DMs) (656 out of 670) and new or improved spectral indices (339 out of 670 total, 47 new, 292 improved). We also measure the period-pulse width relation at 350 MHz to scale as W ∝ P-0.27. Detection scans for several hundred sources were reanalyzed in order to inspect pulsars' single pulse behavior and 223 were found to exhibit evidence of nulling. With a detailed analysis of measured and expected S/N values and the evolving radio frequency interference environment at 350 MHz, we assess the GBNCC survey's sensitivity as a function of spin period, DM, and sky position. We find the sky-averaged limiting flux density of the survey to be 0.74 mJy. Combining this analysis with PsrPopPy pulsar population simulations, we predict 60/5 nonrecycled/MSP discoveries in the survey's remaining 21,000 pointings, and we begin to place constraints on population model parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number76
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume892
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    McEwen, A. E., Spiewak, R., Swiggum, J. K., Kaplan, D. L., Fiore, W., Agazie, G. Y., Blumer, H., Chawla, P., Decesar, M., Kaspi, V. M., Kondratiev, V. I., Larose, M., Levin, L., Lynch, R. S., McLaughlin, M., Mingyar, M., Noori, H. A., Ransom, S. M., Roberts, M. S. E., ... Van Leeuwen, J. (2020). The Green Bank North Celestial Cap Pulsar Survey. V. Pulsar Census and Survey Sensitivity. Astrophysical Journal, 892(2), [76]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab75e2