Adsorption of butanol and pyridine on E-glass fibers with three different compositions, as well as on powders of silica and the crushed fibers, was studied by temperature programmed desorption (TPD) with a mass-sensitive detector. In the case of butanol, there are two types of desorbing molecules: at lower temperatures butanol desorbs, but in the range 450°C–600°C, 1-butene desorption is also observed. It is shown that 1-butene desorption is due to thermal decomposition of butanol chemisorbed to OH groups on both the glass and silica surfaces. The binding energy distributions of adsorption sites for butanol and pyridine are similar on all three glass compositions, but they are much more heterogeneous compared to silica; this difference is most evident for pyridine and is attributed to the presence Al and B in the glasses. The decomposition temperature of chemisorbed butanol is highest for silica and depends on glass composition for the fibers and powders. Interestingly, the glass which does not contain boron shows a well-defined peak for the decomposition of chemisorbed butanol, suggestive of unique adsorption sites on this boron-free surface; but they are much less temperature stable than the chemisorption sites on silica. In situ exposure to water vapor increased the number of active sites for chemisorption.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry