The IceCube data acquisition system: Signal capture, digitization, and timestamping

R. Abbasi, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, M. Ahlers, J. Ahrens, K. Andeen, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, R. Bay, J. L. Bazo Alba, K. Beattie, T. Becka, J. K. Becker, K. H. Becker, P. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. BertrandD. Z. Besson, B. Bingham, E. Blaufuss, D. J. Boersma, C. Bohm, J. Bolmont, S. Böser, O. Botner, J. Braun, D. Breeder, T. Burgess, W. Carithers, T. Castermans, H. Chen, D. Chirkin, B. Christy, J. Clem, D. F. Cowen, M. V. D'Agostino, M. Danninger, A. Davour, C. T. Day, O. Depaepe, C. De Clercq, L. Demirörs, F. Descamps, P. Desiati, G. de Vries-Uiterweerd, T. DeYoung, J. C. Diaz-Velez, J. Dreyer, J. P. Dumm, M. R. Duvoort, W. R. Edwards, R. Ehrlich, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, O. Engdegård, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, M. M. Foerster, B. D. Fox, A. Franckowiak, R. Franke, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, R. Ganugapati, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, D. Glowacki, A. Goldschmidt, J. A. Goodman, R. Gozzini, D. Grant, T. Griesel, A. Groß, S. Grullon, R. M. Gunasingha, M. Gurtner, C. Ha, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Han, K. Hanson, R. Hardtke, Y. Hasegawa, J. Haugen, D. Hays, J. Heise, K. Helbing, M. Hellwig, P. Herquet, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, J. Hodges, K. D. Hoffman, K. Hoshina, D. Hubert, W. Huelsnitz, B. Hughey, J. P. Hülß, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, R. L. Imlay, M. Inaba, A. Ishihara, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, H. Johansson, A. Jones, J. M. Joseph, K. H. Kampert, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, H. Kawai, J. L. Kelley, J. Kiryluk, F. Kislat, S. R. Klein, S. Kleinfelder, S. Klepser, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, M. Kowalski, T. Kowarik, M. Krasberg, K. Kuehn, E. Kujawski, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, K. Laihem, H. Landsman, R. Lauer, A. Laundrie, H. Leich, D. Leier, C. Lewis, A. Lucke, J. Ludvig, J. Lundberg, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, C. P. McParland, K. Meagher, A. Meli, M. Merck, T. Messarius, P. Mészáros, R. H. Minor, H. Miyamoto, A. Mohr, A. Mokhtarani, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, S. M. Movit, K. Münich, A. Muratas, R. Nahnhauer, J. W. Nam, P. Nießen, D. R. Nygren, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, M. Olivo, M. Ono, S. Panknin, S. Patton, C. Pérez de los Heros, J. Petrovic, A. Piegsa, D. Pieloth, A. C. Pohl, R. Porrata, N. Potthoff, J. Pretz, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, K. Rawlins, S. Razzaque, P. Redl, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, A. Rizzo, W. J. Robbins, J. P. Rodrigues, P. Roth, F. Rothmaier, C. Rott, C. Roucelle, D. Rutledge, D. Ryckbosch, H. G. Sander, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, P. Sandstrom, S. Schlenstedt, T. Schmidt, D. Schneider, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, B. Semburg, S. H. Seo, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, A. Silvestri, A. J. Smith, C. Song, J. E. Sopher, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, T. Stanev, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, M. C. Stoufer, S. Stoyanov, E. A. Strahler, T. Straszheim, K. H. Sulanke, G. W. Sullivan, Q. Swillens, I. Taboada, O. Tarasova, A. Tepe, S. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, M. Tluczykont, P. A. Toale, D. Tosi, D. Turčan, N. van Eijndhoven, J. Vandenbroucke, A. Van Overloop, V. Viscomi, C. Vogt, B. Voigt, C. Q. Vu, D. Wahl, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, H. Waldmann, M. Walter, C. Wendt, S. Westerhof, N. Whitehorn, D. Wharton, C. H. Wiebusch, C. Wiedemann, G. Wikström, D. R. Williams, R. Wischnewski, H. Wissing, K. Woschnagg, X. W. Xu, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

275 Scopus citations

Abstract

IceCube is a km-scale neutrino observatory under construction at the South Pole with sensors both in the deep ice (InIce) and on the surface (IceTop). The sensors, called Digital Optical Modules (DOMs), detect, digitize and timestamp the signals from optical Cherenkov-radiation photons. The DOM Main Board (MB) data acquisition subsystem is connected to the central DAQ in the IceCube Laboratory (ICL) by a single twisted copper wire-pair and transmits packetized data on demand. Time calibration is maintained throughout the array by regular transmission to the DOMs of precisely timed analog signals, synchronized to a central GPS-disciplined clock. The design goals and consequent features, functional capabilities, and initial performance of the DOM MB, and the operation of a combined array of DOMs as a system, are described here. Experience with the first InIce strings and the IceTop stations indicates that the system design and performance goals have been achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-316
Number of pages23
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume601
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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