The IceCube Neutrino Observatory

Instrumentation and online systems

M. G. Aartsen, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, Tyler Brooks Anderson, I. Ansseau, G. Anton, M. Archinger, C. Argüelles, R. Auer, J. Auffenberg, S. Axani, J. Baccus, X. Bai, S. Barnet, S. W. Barwick & 332 others V. Baum, R. Bay, K. Beattie, J. J. Beatty, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, T. Bendfelt, S. Benzvi, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, A. Bernhard, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, S. Blot, D. Boersma, C. Bohm, M. Börner, F. Bos, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, A. Bouchta, J. Braun, L. Brayeur, H. P. Bretz, S. Bron, A. Burgman, C. Burreson, T. Carver, M. Casier, E. Cheung, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, K. Clark, L. Classen, S. Coenders, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, Douglas Cowen, R. Cross, C. Day, M. Day, J. P.A.M. De André, C. De Clercq, E. Del Pino Rosendo, H. Dembinski, S. De Ridder, F. Descamps, P. Desiati, K. D. De Vries, G. De Wasseige, M. De With, T. DeYoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, V. Di Lorenzo, H. Dujmovic, J. P. Dumm, M. Dunkman, B. Eberhardt, W. R. Edwards, T. Ehrhardt, B. Eichmann, P. Eller, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, S. Fahey, A. R. Fazely, J. Feintzeig, J. Felde, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, S. Flis, C. C. Fösig, A. Franckowiak, M. Frère, E. Friedman, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, K. Ghorbani, W. Giang, L. Gladstone, T. Glauch, D. Glowacki, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, J. G. Gonzalez, D. Grant, Z. Griffith, L. Gustafsson, C. Haack, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, E. Hansen, T. Hansmann, K. Hanson, J. Haugen, D. Hebecker, D. Heereman, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, R. Heller, S. Hickford, J. Hignight, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, K. Hoshina, F. Huang, M. Huber, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. In, M. Inaba, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, M. Jeong, K. Jero, A. Jones, B. J.P. Jones, J. Joseph, W. Kang, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, U. Katz, M. Kauer, A. Keivani, J. L. Kelley, J. Kemp, A. Kheirandish, J. Kim, M. Kim, T. Kintscher, J. Kiryluk, N. Kitamura, T. Kittler, S. R. Klein, S. Kleinfelder, M. Kleist, G. Kohnen, R. Koirala, H. Kolanoski, R. Konietz, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, M. Krasberg, K. Krings, M. Kroll, G. Krückl, C. Krüger, J. Kunnen, S. Kunwar, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, K. Laihem, H. Landsman, J. L. Lanfranchi, M. J. Larson, F. Lauber, A. Laundrie, D. Lennarz, H. Leich, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, L. Lu, J. Ludwig, J. Lünemann, C. Mackenzie, J. Madsen, G. Maggi, K. B.M. Mahn, S. Mancina, M. Mandelartz, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. Matis, R. Maunu, F. McNally, C. P. McParland, P. Meade, K. Meagher, M. Medici, M. Meier, A. Meli, T. Menne, G. Merino, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, R. H. Minor, T. Montaruli, M. Moulai, T. Murray, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, G. Neer, M. Newcomb, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke Pollmann, A. Olivas, A. O'Murchadha, T. Palczewski, H. Pandya, D. V. Pankova, S. Patton, P. Peiffer, Penek, J. A. Pepper, C. Pérez De Los Heros, C. Pettersen, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, M. Quinnan, C. Raab, L. Rädel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, R. Reimann, B. Relethford, M. Relich, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Richman, B. Riedel, S. Robertson, M. Rongen, C. Roucelle, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, D. Ryckbosch, D. Rysewyk, L. Sabbatini, S. E.Sanchez Herrera, A. Sandrock, J. Sandroos, P. Sandstrom, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, P. Schlunder, T. Schmidt, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, A. Schukraft, L. Schumacher, D. Seckel, S. Seunarine, M. Solarz, D. Soldin, M. Song, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, J. Stettner, A. Steuer, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, R. Ström, N. L. Strotjohann, K. H. Sulanke, G. W. Sullivan, M. Sutherland, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, J. Tatar, F. Tenholt, S. Ter-Antonyan, A. Terliuk, G. Tešić, L. Thollander, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, M. N. Tobin, S. Toscano, D. Tosi, M. Tselengidou, A. Turcati, E. Unger, M. Usner, J. Vandenbroucke, N. Van Eijndhoven, S. Vanheule, M. Van Rossem, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, E. Vogel, M. Vraeghe, D. Wahl, C. Walck, A. Wallace, M. Wallraff, N. Wandkowsky, Ch Weaver, M. J. Weiss, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, D. Wharton, B. J. Whelan, S. Wickmann, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, L. Wille, D. R. Williams, L. Wills, P. Wisniewski, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, E. Woolsey, K. Woschnagg, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, Y. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, M. Zoll

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a cubic-kilometer-scale high-energy neutrino detector built into the ice at the South Pole. Construction of IceCube, the largest neutrino detector built to date, was completed in 2011 and enabled the discovery of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos. We describe here the design, production, and calibration of the IceCube digital optical module (DOM), the cable systems, computing hardware, and our methodology for drilling and deployment. We also describe the online triggering and data filtering systems that select candidate neutrino and cosmic ray events for analysis. Due to a rigorous pre-deployment protocol, 98.4% of the DOMs in the deep ice are operating and collecting data. IceCube routinely achieves a detector uptime of 99% by emphasizing software stability and monitoring. Detector operations have been stable since construction was completed, and the detector is expected to operate at least until the end of the next decade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberP03012
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2017

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on-line systems
Online systems
Observatories
Observatory
Instrumentation
Neutrinos
observatories
neutrinos
Detector
Detectors
detectors
Ice
High Energy
ice
Cosmic rays
Cosmic Rays
Drilling
Cable
drilling
cables

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Aartsen, M. G., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., Ahlers, M., Ahrens, M., ... Zoll, M. (2017). The IceCube Neutrino Observatory: Instrumentation and online systems. Journal of Instrumentation, 12(3), [P03012]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03012
Aartsen, M. G. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Ahrens, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Andeen, K. ; Anderson, Tyler Brooks ; Ansseau, I. ; Anton, G. ; Archinger, M. ; Argüelles, C. ; Auer, R. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Axani, S. ; Baccus, J. ; Bai, X. ; Barnet, S. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beattie, K. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Tjus, J. Becker ; Becker, K. H. ; Bendfelt, T. ; Benzvi, S. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bernhard, A. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blot, S. ; Boersma, D. ; Bohm, C. ; Börner, M. ; Bos, F. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Bouchta, A. ; Braun, J. ; Brayeur, L. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Bron, S. ; Burgman, A. ; Burreson, C. ; Carver, T. ; Casier, M. ; Cheung, E. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christov, A. ; Clark, K. ; Classen, L. ; Coenders, S. ; Collin, G. H. ; Conrad, J. M. ; Cowen, Douglas ; Cross, R. ; Day, C. ; Day, M. ; De André, J. P.A.M. ; Clercq, C. De ; Rosendo, E. Del Pino ; Dembinski, H. ; Ridder, S. De ; Descamps, F. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries, K. D. ; De Wasseige, G. ; De With, M. ; DeYoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Di Lorenzo, V. ; Dujmovic, H. ; Dumm, J. P. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Edwards, W. R. ; Ehrhardt, T. ; Eichmann, B. ; Eller, P. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fahey, S. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Felde, J. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Flis, S. ; Fösig, C. C. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Frère, M. ; Friedman, E. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Ghorbani, K. ; Giang, W. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glauch, T. ; Glowacki, D. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Grant, D. ; Griffith, Z. ; Gustafsson, L. ; Haack, C. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hansen, E. ; Hansmann, T. ; Hanson, K. ; Haugen, J. ; Hebecker, D. ; Heereman, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Heller, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hignight, J. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huang, F. ; Huber, M. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; In, S. ; Inaba, M. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jeong, M. ; Jero, K. ; Jones, A. ; Jones, B. J.P. ; Joseph, J. ; Kang, W. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Katz, U. ; Kauer, M. ; Keivani, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kemp, J. ; Kheirandish, A. ; Kim, J. ; Kim, M. ; Kintscher, T. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kitamura, N. ; Kittler, T. ; Klein, S. R. ; Kleinfelder, S. ; Kleist, M. ; Kohnen, G. ; Koirala, R. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Konietz, R. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krasberg, M. ; Krings, K. ; Kroll, M. ; Krückl, G. ; Krüger, C. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kunwar, S. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Laihem, K. ; Landsman, H. ; Lanfranchi, J. L. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lauber, F. ; Laundrie, A. ; Lennarz, D. ; Leich, H. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Leuermann, M. ; Lu, L. ; Ludwig, J. ; Lünemann, J. ; Mackenzie, C. ; Madsen, J. ; Maggi, G. ; Mahn, K. B.M. ; Mancina, S. ; Mandelartz, M. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. ; Maunu, R. ; McNally, F. ; McParland, C. P. ; Meade, P. ; Meagher, K. ; Medici, M. ; Meier, M. ; Meli, A. ; Menne, T. ; Merino, G. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Minor, R. H. ; Montaruli, T. ; Moulai, M. ; Murray, T. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Neer, G. ; Newcomb, M. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Pollmann, A. Obertacke ; Olivas, A. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Palczewski, T. ; Pandya, H. ; Pankova, D. V. ; Patton, S. ; Peiffer, P. ; Penek ; Pepper, J. A. ; Heros, C. Pérez De Los ; Pettersen, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Quinnan, M. ; Raab, C. ; Rädel, L. ; Rameez, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Reimann, R. ; Relethford, B. ; Relich, M. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Robertson, S. ; Rongen, M. ; Roucelle, C. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Rysewyk, D. ; Sabbatini, L. ; Herrera, S. E.Sanchez ; Sandrock, A. ; Sandroos, J. ; Sandstrom, P. ; Sarkar, S. ; Satalecka, K. ; Schlunder, P. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schumacher, L. ; Seckel, D. ; Seunarine, S. ; Solarz, M. ; Soldin, D. ; Song, M. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stettner, J. ; Steuer, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Ström, R. ; Strotjohann, N. L. ; Sulanke, K. H. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Sutherland, M. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tatar, J. ; Tenholt, F. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Terliuk, A. ; Tešić, G. ; Thollander, L. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Tobin, M. N. ; Toscano, S. ; Tosi, D. ; Tselengidou, M. ; Turcati, A. ; Unger, E. ; Usner, M. ; Vandenbroucke, J. ; Eijndhoven, N. Van ; Vanheule, S. ; Rossem, M. Van ; Santen, J. Van ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Vogel, E. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Wahl, D. ; Walck, C. ; Wallace, A. ; Wallraff, M. ; Wandkowsky, N. ; Weaver, Ch ; Weiss, M. J. ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Wharton, D. ; Whelan, B. J. ; Wickmann, S. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wille, L. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wills, L. ; Wisniewski, P. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woolsey, E. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Xu, Y. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zoll, M. / The IceCube Neutrino Observatory : Instrumentation and online systems. In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 3.
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abstract = "The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a cubic-kilometer-scale high-energy neutrino detector built into the ice at the South Pole. Construction of IceCube, the largest neutrino detector built to date, was completed in 2011 and enabled the discovery of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos. We describe here the design, production, and calibration of the IceCube digital optical module (DOM), the cable systems, computing hardware, and our methodology for drilling and deployment. We also describe the online triggering and data filtering systems that select candidate neutrino and cosmic ray events for analysis. Due to a rigorous pre-deployment protocol, 98.4{\%} of the DOMs in the deep ice are operating and collecting data. IceCube routinely achieves a detector uptime of 99{\%} by emphasizing software stability and monitoring. Detector operations have been stable since construction was completed, and the detector is expected to operate at least until the end of the next decade.",
author = "Aartsen, {M. G.} and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and M. Ahrens and D. Altmann and K. Andeen and Anderson, {Tyler Brooks} and I. Ansseau and G. Anton and M. Archinger and C. Arg{\"u}elles and R. Auer and J. Auffenberg and S. Axani and J. Baccus and X. Bai and S. Barnet and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and K. Beattie and Beatty, {J. J.} and Tjus, {J. Becker} and Becker, {K. H.} and T. Bendfelt and S. Benzvi and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and A. Bernhard and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and S. Blot and D. Boersma and C. Bohm and M. B{\"o}rner and F. Bos and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and A. Bouchta and J. Braun and L. Brayeur and Bretz, {H. P.} and S. Bron and A. Burgman and C. Burreson and T. Carver and M. Casier and E. Cheung and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and K. Clark and L. Classen and S. Coenders and Collin, {G. H.} and Conrad, {J. M.} and Douglas Cowen and R. Cross and C. 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Haugen and D. Hebecker and D. Heereman and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and R. Heller and S. Hickford and J. Hignight and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and K. Hoshina and F. Huang and M. Huber and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. In and M. Inaba and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and Japaridze, {G. S.} and M. Jeong and K. Jero and A. Jones and Jones, {B. J.P.} and J. Joseph and W. Kang and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and U. Katz and M. Kauer and A. Keivani and Kelley, {J. L.} and J. Kemp and A. Kheirandish and J. Kim and M. Kim and T. Kintscher and J. Kiryluk and N. Kitamura and T. Kittler and Klein, {S. R.} and S. Kleinfelder and M. Kleist and G. Kohnen and R. Koirala and H. Kolanoski and R. Konietz and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and M. Krasberg and K. Krings and M. Kroll and G. Kr{\"u}ckl and C. Kr{\"u}ger and J. Kunnen and S. Kunwar and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and K. Laihem and H. Landsman and Lanfranchi, {J. L.} and Larson, {M. J.} and F. Lauber and A. Laundrie and D. Lennarz and H. Leich and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and L. Lu and J. Ludwig and J. L{\"u}nemann and C. Mackenzie and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and Mahn, {K. B.M.} and S. Mancina and M. Mandelartz and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and H. Matis and R. Maunu and F. McNally and McParland, {C. P.} and P. Meade and K. Meagher and M. Medici and M. Meier and A. Meli and T. Menne and G. Merino and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and Minor, {R. H.} and T. Montaruli and M. Moulai and T. Murray and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and G. Neer and M. Newcomb and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and Pollmann, {A. Obertacke} and A. Olivas and A. O'Murchadha and T. Palczewski and H. Pandya and Pankova, {D. V.} and S. Patton and P. Peiffer and Penek and Pepper, {J. A.} and Heros, {C. P{\'e}rez De Los} and C. Pettersen and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and M. Quinnan and C. Raab and L. R{\"a}del and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and R. Reimann and B. Relethford and M. Relich and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Richman and B. Riedel and S. Robertson and M. Rongen and C. Roucelle and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and D. Ryckbosch and D. Rysewyk and L. Sabbatini and Herrera, {S. E.Sanchez} and A. Sandrock and J. Sandroos and P. Sandstrom and S. Sarkar and K. Satalecka and P. Schlunder and T. Schmidt and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and A. Schukraft and L. Schumacher and D. Seckel and S. Seunarine and M. Solarz and D. Soldin and M. Song and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and J. Stettner and A. Steuer and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and R. Str{\"o}m and Strotjohann, {N. L.} and Sulanke, {K. H.} and Sullivan, {G. W.} and M. Sutherland and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and J. Tatar and F. Tenholt and S. Ter-Antonyan and A. Terliuk and G. Tešić and L. Thollander and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and Tobin, {M. N.} and S. Toscano and D. Tosi and M. Tselengidou and A. Turcati and E. Unger and M. Usner and J. Vandenbroucke and Eijndhoven, {N. Van} and S. Vanheule and Rossem, {M. Van} and Santen, {J. Van} and M. Vehring and M. Voge and E. Vogel and M. Vraeghe and D. Wahl and C. Walck and A. Wallace and M. Wallraff and N. Wandkowsky and Ch Weaver and Weiss, {M. J.} and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and D. Wharton and Whelan, {B. J.} and S. Wickmann and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and L. Wille and Williams, {D. R.} and L. Wills and P. Wisniewski and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and E. Woolsey and K. Woschnagg and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Y. Xu and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and M. Zoll",
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language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
journal = "Journal of Instrumentation",
issn = "1748-0221",
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number = "3",

}

Aartsen, MG, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Ahrens, M, Altmann, D, Andeen, K, Anderson, TB, Ansseau, I, Anton, G, Archinger, M, Argüelles, C, Auer, R, Auffenberg, J, Axani, S, Baccus, J, Bai, X, Barnet, S, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beattie, K, Beatty, JJ, Tjus, JB, Becker, KH, Bendfelt, T, Benzvi, S, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bernhard, A, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blot, S, Boersma, D, Bohm, C, Börner, M, Bos, F, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Bouchta, A, Braun, J, Brayeur, L, Bretz, HP, Bron, S, Burgman, A, Burreson, C, Carver, T, Casier, M, Cheung, E, Chirkin, D, Christov, A, Clark, K, Classen, L, Coenders, S, Collin, GH, Conrad, JM, Cowen, D, Cross, R, Day, C, Day, M, De André, JPAM, Clercq, CD, Rosendo, EDP, Dembinski, H, Ridder, SD, Descamps, F, Desiati, P, De Vries, KD, De Wasseige, G, De With, M, DeYoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Di Lorenzo, V, Dujmovic, H, Dumm, JP, Dunkman, M, Eberhardt, B, Edwards, WR, Ehrhardt, T, Eichmann, B, Eller, P, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fahey, S, Fazely, AR, Feintzeig, J, Felde, J, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Flis, S, Fösig, CC, Franckowiak, A, Frère, M, Friedman, E, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Ghorbani, K, Giang, W, Gladstone, L, Glauch, T, Glowacki, D, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Gonzalez, JG, Grant, D, Griffith, Z, Gustafsson, L, Haack, C, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hansen, E, Hansmann, T, Hanson, K, Haugen, J, Hebecker, D, Heereman, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Heller, R, Hickford, S, Hignight, J, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Hoshina, K, Huang, F, Huber, M, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, In, S, Inaba, M, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Japaridze, GS, Jeong, M, Jero, K, Jones, A, Jones, BJP, Joseph, J, Kang, W, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Katz, U, Kauer, M, Keivani, A, Kelley, JL, Kemp, J, Kheirandish, A, Kim, J, Kim, M, Kintscher, T, Kiryluk, J, Kitamura, N, Kittler, T, Klein, SR, Kleinfelder, S, Kleist, M, Kohnen, G, Koirala, R, Kolanoski, H, Konietz, R, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krasberg, M, Krings, K, Kroll, M, Krückl, G, Krüger, C, Kunnen, J, Kunwar, S, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Laihem, K, Landsman, H, Lanfranchi, JL, Larson, MJ, Lauber, F, Laundrie, A, Lennarz, D, Leich, H, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Leuermann, M, Lu, L, Ludwig, J, Lünemann, J, Mackenzie, C, Madsen, J, Maggi, G, Mahn, KBM, Mancina, S, Mandelartz, M, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, H, Maunu, R, McNally, F, McParland, CP, Meade, P, Meagher, K, Medici, M, Meier, M, Meli, A, Menne, T, Merino, G, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Minor, RH, Montaruli, T, Moulai, M, Murray, T, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Neer, G, Newcomb, M, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Pollmann, AO, Olivas, A, O'Murchadha, A, Palczewski, T, Pandya, H, Pankova, DV, Patton, S, Peiffer, P, Penek, Pepper, JA, Heros, CPDL, Pettersen, C, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Quinnan, M, Raab, C, Rädel, L, Rameez, M, Rawlins, K, Reimann, R, Relethford, B, Relich, M, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Robertson, S, Rongen, M, Roucelle, C, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ryckbosch, D, Rysewyk, D, Sabbatini, L, Herrera, SES, Sandrock, A, Sandroos, J, Sandstrom, P, Sarkar, S, Satalecka, K, Schlunder, P, Schmidt, T, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schukraft, A, Schumacher, L, Seckel, D, Seunarine, S, Solarz, M, Soldin, D, Song, M, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stettner, J, Steuer, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Ström, R, Strotjohann, NL, Sulanke, KH, Sullivan, GW, Sutherland, M, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tatar, J, Tenholt, F, Ter-Antonyan, S, Terliuk, A, Tešić, G, Thollander, L, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Tobin, MN, Toscano, S, Tosi, D, Tselengidou, M, Turcati, A, Unger, E, Usner, M, Vandenbroucke, J, Eijndhoven, NV, Vanheule, S, Rossem, MV, Santen, JV, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Vogel, E, Vraeghe, M, Wahl, D, Walck, C, Wallace, A, Wallraff, M, Wandkowsky, N, Weaver, C, Weiss, MJ, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Wharton, D, Whelan, BJ, Wickmann, S, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Wille, L, Williams, DR, Wills, L, Wisniewski, P, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woolsey, E, Woschnagg, K, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Xu, Y, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S & Zoll, M 2017, 'The IceCube Neutrino Observatory: Instrumentation and online systems', Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 12, no. 3, P03012. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03012

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory : Instrumentation and online systems. / Aartsen, M. G.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Ahrens, M.; Altmann, D.; Andeen, K.; Anderson, Tyler Brooks; Ansseau, I.; Anton, G.; Archinger, M.; Argüelles, C.; Auer, R.; Auffenberg, J.; Axani, S.; Baccus, J.; Bai, X.; Barnet, S.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beattie, K.; Beatty, J. J.; Tjus, J. Becker; Becker, K. H.; Bendfelt, T.; Benzvi, S.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blot, S.; Boersma, D.; Bohm, C.; Börner, M.; Bos, F.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Bouchta, A.; Braun, J.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H. P.; Bron, S.; Burgman, A.; Burreson, C.; Carver, T.; Casier, M.; Cheung, E.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Clark, K.; Classen, L.; Coenders, S.; Collin, G. H.; Conrad, J. M.; Cowen, Douglas; Cross, R.; Day, C.; Day, M.; De André, J. P.A.M.; Clercq, C. De; Rosendo, E. Del Pino; Dembinski, H.; Ridder, S. De; Descamps, F.; Desiati, P.; De Vries, K. D.; De Wasseige, G.; De With, M.; DeYoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Di Lorenzo, V.; Dujmovic, H.; Dumm, J. P.; Dunkman, M.; Eberhardt, B.; Edwards, W. R.; Ehrhardt, T.; Eichmann, B.; Eller, P.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fahey, S.; Fazely, A. R.; Feintzeig, J.; Felde, J.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Flis, S.; Fösig, C. C.; Franckowiak, A.; Frère, M.; Friedman, E.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Ghorbani, K.; Giang, W.; Gladstone, L.; Glauch, T.; Glowacki, D.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Grant, D.; Griffith, Z.; Gustafsson, L.; Haack, C.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hansen, E.; Hansmann, T.; Hanson, K.; Haugen, J.; Hebecker, D.; Heereman, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Heller, R.; Hickford, S.; Hignight, J.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Hoshina, K.; Huang, F.; Huber, M.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; In, S.; Inaba, M.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jeong, M.; Jero, K.; Jones, A.; Jones, B. J.P.; Joseph, J.; Kang, W.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Katz, U.; Kauer, M.; Keivani, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kemp, J.; Kheirandish, A.; Kim, J.; Kim, M.; Kintscher, T.; Kiryluk, J.; Kitamura, N.; Kittler, T.; Klein, S. R.; Kleinfelder, S.; Kleist, M.; Kohnen, G.; Koirala, R.; Kolanoski, H.; Konietz, R.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krasberg, M.; Krings, K.; Kroll, M.; Krückl, G.; Krüger, C.; Kunnen, J.; Kunwar, S.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Laihem, K.; Landsman, H.; Lanfranchi, J. L.; Larson, M. J.; Lauber, F.; Laundrie, A.; Lennarz, D.; Leich, H.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Lu, L.; Ludwig, J.; Lünemann, J.; Mackenzie, C.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Mahn, K. B.M.; Mancina, S.; Mandelartz, M.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H.; Maunu, R.; McNally, F.; McParland, C. P.; Meade, P.; Meagher, K.; Medici, M.; Meier, M.; Meli, A.; Menne, T.; Merino, G.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Minor, R. H.; Montaruli, T.; Moulai, M.; Murray, T.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Neer, G.; Newcomb, M.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Pollmann, A. Obertacke; Olivas, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; Palczewski, T.; Pandya, H.; Pankova, D. V.; Patton, S.; Peiffer, P.; Penek; Pepper, J. A.; Heros, C. Pérez De Los; Pettersen, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Quinnan, M.; Raab, C.; Rädel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Reimann, R.; Relethford, B.; Relich, M.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Robertson, S.; Rongen, M.; Roucelle, C.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ryckbosch, D.; Rysewyk, D.; Sabbatini, L.; Herrera, S. E.Sanchez; Sandrock, A.; Sandroos, J.; Sandstrom, P.; Sarkar, S.; Satalecka, K.; Schlunder, P.; Schmidt, T.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schukraft, A.; Schumacher, L.; Seckel, D.; Seunarine, S.; Solarz, M.; Soldin, D.; Song, M.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stettner, J.; Steuer, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Ström, R.; Strotjohann, N. L.; Sulanke, K. H.; Sullivan, G. W.; Sutherland, M.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tatar, J.; Tenholt, F.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Terliuk, A.; Tešić, G.; Thollander, L.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Tobin, M. N.; Toscano, S.; Tosi, D.; Tselengidou, M.; Turcati, A.; Unger, E.; Usner, M.; Vandenbroucke, J.; Eijndhoven, N. Van; Vanheule, S.; Rossem, M. Van; Santen, J. Van; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Vogel, E.; Vraeghe, M.; Wahl, D.; Walck, C.; Wallace, A.; Wallraff, M.; Wandkowsky, N.; Weaver, Ch; Weiss, M. J.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Wharton, D.; Whelan, B. J.; Wickmann, S.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wille, L.; Williams, D. R.; Wills, L.; Wisniewski, P.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woolsey, E.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Xu, Y.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zoll, M.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 12, No. 3, P03012, 14.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The IceCube Neutrino Observatory

T2 - Instrumentation and online systems

AU - Aartsen, M. G.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Ahrens, M.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Andeen, K.

AU - Anderson, Tyler Brooks

AU - Ansseau, I.

AU - Anton, G.

AU - Archinger, M.

AU - Argüelles, C.

AU - Auer, R.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Axani, S.

AU - Baccus, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Barnet, S.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Beattie, K.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Tjus, J. Becker

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Bendfelt, T.

AU - Benzvi, S.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bernhard, A.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Binder, G.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Bissok, M.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blot, S.

AU - Boersma, D.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Börner, M.

AU - Bos, F.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Bouchta, A.

AU - Braun, J.

AU - Brayeur, L.

AU - Bretz, H. P.

AU - Bron, S.

AU - Burgman, A.

AU - Burreson, C.

AU - Carver, T.

AU - Casier, M.

AU - Cheung, E.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christov, A.

AU - Clark, K.

AU - Classen, L.

AU - Coenders, S.

AU - Collin, G. H.

AU - Conrad, J. M.

AU - Cowen, Douglas

AU - Cross, R.

AU - Day, C.

AU - Day, M.

AU - De André, J. P.A.M.

AU - Clercq, C. De

AU - Rosendo, E. Del Pino

AU - Dembinski, H.

AU - Ridder, S. De

AU - Descamps, F.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries, K. D.

AU - De Wasseige, G.

AU - De With, M.

AU - DeYoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Di Lorenzo, V.

AU - Dujmovic, H.

AU - Dumm, J. P.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Eberhardt, B.

AU - Edwards, W. R.

AU - Ehrhardt, T.

AU - Eichmann, B.

AU - Eller, P.

AU - Euler, S.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fahey, S.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Feintzeig, J.

AU - Felde, J.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Flis, S.

AU - Fösig, C. C.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Frère, M.

AU - Friedman, E.

AU - Fuchs, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Ghorbani, K.

AU - Giang, W.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Glauch, T.

AU - Glowacki, D.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Gonzalez, J. G.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Griffith, Z.

AU - Gustafsson, L.

AU - Haack, C.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hansen, E.

AU - Hansmann, T.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Haugen, J.

AU - Hebecker, D.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Heller, R.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hignight, J.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huang, F.

AU - Huber, M.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - In, S.

AU - Inaba, M.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jeong, M.

AU - Jero, K.

AU - Jones, A.

AU - Jones, B. J.P.

AU - Joseph, J.

AU - Kang, W.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Katz, U.

AU - Kauer, M.

AU - Keivani, A.

AU - Kelley, J. L.

AU - Kemp, J.

AU - Kheirandish, A.

AU - Kim, J.

AU - Kim, M.

AU - Kintscher, T.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kitamura, N.

AU - Kittler, T.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Kleinfelder, S.

AU - Kleist, M.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Koirala, R.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Konietz, R.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Krasberg, M.

AU - Krings, K.

AU - Kroll, M.

AU - Krückl, G.

AU - Krüger, C.

AU - Kunnen, J.

AU - Kunwar, S.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Laihem, K.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Lanfranchi, J. L.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lauber, F.

AU - Laundrie, A.

AU - Lennarz, D.

AU - Leich, H.

AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

AU - Leuermann, M.

AU - Lu, L.

AU - Ludwig, J.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Mackenzie, C.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maggi, G.

AU - Mahn, K. B.M.

AU - Mancina, S.

AU - Mandelartz, M.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Matis, H.

AU - Maunu, R.

AU - McNally, F.

AU - McParland, C. P.

AU - Meade, P.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Medici, M.

AU - Meier, M.

AU - Meli, A.

AU - Menne, T.

AU - Merino, G.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Minor, R. H.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Moulai, M.

AU - Murray, T.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Neer, G.

AU - Newcomb, M.

AU - Niederhausen, H.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Pollmann, A. Obertacke

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Palczewski, T.

AU - Pandya, H.

AU - Pankova, D. V.

AU - Patton, S.

AU - Peiffer, P.

AU - Penek,

AU - Pepper, J. A.

AU - Heros, C. Pérez De Los

AU - Pettersen, C.

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pinat, E.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Quinnan, M.

AU - Raab, C.

AU - Rädel, L.

AU - Rameez, M.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Reimann, R.

AU - Relethford, B.

AU - Relich, M.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Riedel, B.

AU - Robertson, S.

AU - Rongen, M.

AU - Roucelle, C.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Rysewyk, D.

AU - Sabbatini, L.

AU - Herrera, S. E.Sanchez

AU - Sandrock, A.

AU - Sandroos, J.

AU - Sandstrom, P.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Satalecka, K.

AU - Schlunder, P.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schoenen, S.

AU - Schöneberg, S.

AU - Schukraft, A.

AU - Schumacher, L.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Solarz, M.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Song, M.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Stettner, J.

AU - Steuer, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Ström, R.

AU - Strotjohann, N. L.

AU - Sulanke, K. H.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Sutherland, M.

AU - Taavola, H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tatar, J.

AU - Tenholt, F.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Terliuk, A.

AU - Tešić, G.

AU - Thollander, L.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Tobin, M. N.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Tosi, D.

AU - Tselengidou, M.

AU - Turcati, A.

AU - Unger, E.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Vandenbroucke, J.

AU - Eijndhoven, N. Van

AU - Vanheule, S.

AU - Rossem, M. Van

AU - Santen, J. Van

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Voge, M.

AU - Vogel, E.

AU - Vraeghe, M.

AU - Wahl, D.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Wallace, A.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Wandkowsky, N.

AU - Weaver, Ch

AU - Weiss, M. J.

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Wharton, D.

AU - Whelan, B. J.

AU - Wickmann, S.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Wille, L.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wills, L.

AU - Wisniewski, P.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woolsey, E.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Xu, Y.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2017/3/14

Y1 - 2017/3/14

N2 - The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a cubic-kilometer-scale high-energy neutrino detector built into the ice at the South Pole. Construction of IceCube, the largest neutrino detector built to date, was completed in 2011 and enabled the discovery of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos. We describe here the design, production, and calibration of the IceCube digital optical module (DOM), the cable systems, computing hardware, and our methodology for drilling and deployment. We also describe the online triggering and data filtering systems that select candidate neutrino and cosmic ray events for analysis. Due to a rigorous pre-deployment protocol, 98.4% of the DOMs in the deep ice are operating and collecting data. IceCube routinely achieves a detector uptime of 99% by emphasizing software stability and monitoring. Detector operations have been stable since construction was completed, and the detector is expected to operate at least until the end of the next decade.

AB - The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a cubic-kilometer-scale high-energy neutrino detector built into the ice at the South Pole. Construction of IceCube, the largest neutrino detector built to date, was completed in 2011 and enabled the discovery of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos. We describe here the design, production, and calibration of the IceCube digital optical module (DOM), the cable systems, computing hardware, and our methodology for drilling and deployment. We also describe the online triggering and data filtering systems that select candidate neutrino and cosmic ray events for analysis. Due to a rigorous pre-deployment protocol, 98.4% of the DOMs in the deep ice are operating and collecting data. IceCube routinely achieves a detector uptime of 99% by emphasizing software stability and monitoring. Detector operations have been stable since construction was completed, and the detector is expected to operate at least until the end of the next decade.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85017394006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85017394006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03012

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03012

M3 - Review article

VL - 12

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

IS - 3

M1 - P03012

ER -

Aartsen MG, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar JA, Ahlers M, Ahrens M et al. The IceCube Neutrino Observatory: Instrumentation and online systems. Journal of Instrumentation. 2017 Mar 14;12(3). P03012. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/12/03/P03012