The impact of board composition on firm performance in the restaurant industry: A stewardship theory perspective

Sujin Song, Hubert Van Hoof, Sungbeen Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the impact of the board composition on financial performance in the restaurant industry from a stewardship theory perspective. Design/methodology/approach: The composition of board was measured as the ratio of inside and outside directors. Firm performance was operationalized as return on assets (operational performance) and Tobin’s q (market-based performance). Panel regression analysis tested the research hypotheses. Findings: Using data from 25 restaurant firms from 2007 to 2013, the study found an insignificant impact of board composition on operational performance. However, a higher proportion of inside board members increases market-based performance. A higher proportion of outside board members decreases market-based performance. Practical implications: Supporting the basic tenets of stewardship theory, restaurant companies may consider changing the current practice of having a super-majority of outside directors and increase the inside board members. Because inside board member have greater experience with the organization and the industry, they have a better understanding of the status quo and are better able to respond to opportunities and threats in the environment. Originality/value: Considering the scarcity of research on how the board composition affects firm performance in the hospitality context, the present study is a forerunner in its exploration of the impact of inside and outside directors on restaurant firms’ performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2121-2138
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

industry
market
regression analysis
methodology
firm
Board composition
Firm performance
Restaurant industry
Stewardship theory
Restaurants
Outside directors
Proportion
Business performance
Return on assets
Design methodology
Status quo
Scarcity
Financial performance
Industry
Threat

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this

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The impact of board composition on firm performance in the restaurant industry : A stewardship theory perspective. / Song, Sujin; Van Hoof, Hubert; Park, Sungbeen.

In: International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 29, No. 8, 01.01.2017, p. 2121-2138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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