The impact of carrier transport confinement on the energy transfer between InGaN/GaN quantum-well nanorods and colloidal nanocrystals

Bin Jiang, Chunfeng Zhang, Xiaoyong Wang, Min Joo Park, Joon Seop Kwak, Jian Xu, Huichao Zhang, Jiayu Zhang, Fei Xue, Min Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The energy transfer (ET) between InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well (MQW) nanorods (NRs) and semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) for efficient color conversion is studied. An exceptional contribution of carrier transport confinement to the ET mechanisms is observed in the proximal side-wall coupling system, which consists of InGaN/GaN NRs and CdSe NCs. Under relatively low or high excitation, the ET rate shows different carrier-density dependence, resulting from different electron-hole configurations, i.e., bound excitons and free carriers. In the localized exciton regime, the ET rate decreases when increasing temperature from 20 K to 200 K. However, in the free-carrier regime, the ET rate varies insignificantly in the same temperature range. The temperature dependence in this NR-NC coupling system is different from that in the previously studied planar MQW-NC coupling system. It is suggested that the carrier transport confinement in NRs is a major factor for these divergences. The highly efficient ET with efficiency up to 80% shows a promising potential of using such NR-NC coupled structures for ET-pumped, NC-based, light-emitting devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3146-3152
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume22
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2012

Fingerprint

Carrier transport
Nanorods
Energy transfer
Nanocrystals
Semiconductor quantum wells
nanorods
nanocrystals
energy transfer
quantum wells
Excitons
excitons
Temperature
Carrier concentration
divergence
Semiconductor materials
Color
color
temperature dependence
temperature
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Jiang, Bin ; Zhang, Chunfeng ; Wang, Xiaoyong ; Park, Min Joo ; Kwak, Joon Seop ; Xu, Jian ; Zhang, Huichao ; Zhang, Jiayu ; Xue, Fei ; Xiao, Min. / The impact of carrier transport confinement on the energy transfer between InGaN/GaN quantum-well nanorods and colloidal nanocrystals. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 15. pp. 3146-3152.
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title = "The impact of carrier transport confinement on the energy transfer between InGaN/GaN quantum-well nanorods and colloidal nanocrystals",
abstract = "The energy transfer (ET) between InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well (MQW) nanorods (NRs) and semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) for efficient color conversion is studied. An exceptional contribution of carrier transport confinement to the ET mechanisms is observed in the proximal side-wall coupling system, which consists of InGaN/GaN NRs and CdSe NCs. Under relatively low or high excitation, the ET rate shows different carrier-density dependence, resulting from different electron-hole configurations, i.e., bound excitons and free carriers. In the localized exciton regime, the ET rate decreases when increasing temperature from 20 K to 200 K. However, in the free-carrier regime, the ET rate varies insignificantly in the same temperature range. The temperature dependence in this NR-NC coupling system is different from that in the previously studied planar MQW-NC coupling system. It is suggested that the carrier transport confinement in NRs is a major factor for these divergences. The highly efficient ET with efficiency up to 80{\%} shows a promising potential of using such NR-NC coupled structures for ET-pumped, NC-based, light-emitting devices.",
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The impact of carrier transport confinement on the energy transfer between InGaN/GaN quantum-well nanorods and colloidal nanocrystals. / Jiang, Bin; Zhang, Chunfeng; Wang, Xiaoyong; Park, Min Joo; Kwak, Joon Seop; Xu, Jian; Zhang, Huichao; Zhang, Jiayu; Xue, Fei; Xiao, Min.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22, No. 15, 07.08.2012, p. 3146-3152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The impact of carrier transport confinement on the energy transfer between InGaN/GaN quantum-well nanorods and colloidal nanocrystals

AU - Jiang, Bin

AU - Zhang, Chunfeng

AU - Wang, Xiaoyong

AU - Park, Min Joo

AU - Kwak, Joon Seop

AU - Xu, Jian

AU - Zhang, Huichao

AU - Zhang, Jiayu

AU - Xue, Fei

AU - Xiao, Min

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N2 - The energy transfer (ET) between InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well (MQW) nanorods (NRs) and semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) for efficient color conversion is studied. An exceptional contribution of carrier transport confinement to the ET mechanisms is observed in the proximal side-wall coupling system, which consists of InGaN/GaN NRs and CdSe NCs. Under relatively low or high excitation, the ET rate shows different carrier-density dependence, resulting from different electron-hole configurations, i.e., bound excitons and free carriers. In the localized exciton regime, the ET rate decreases when increasing temperature from 20 K to 200 K. However, in the free-carrier regime, the ET rate varies insignificantly in the same temperature range. The temperature dependence in this NR-NC coupling system is different from that in the previously studied planar MQW-NC coupling system. It is suggested that the carrier transport confinement in NRs is a major factor for these divergences. The highly efficient ET with efficiency up to 80% shows a promising potential of using such NR-NC coupled structures for ET-pumped, NC-based, light-emitting devices.

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