The impact of individual, organizational, and environmental attributes on voluntary turnover among Juvenile correctional staff members

Ojmarrh Mitchell, Doris Layton Mackenzie, Gaylene J. Styve, Angela R. Gover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study we assessed the impact of individual employee characteristics, organizational attributes, and quality of the correctional environment on the turnover intentions of juvenile correctional staff members. Both individual characteristics and organizational attributes were significant predictors of turnover intentions. The individual characteristics were age, race, and education; the organizational variables were job satisfaction, stress, and staff support and communication. In general, the organizational attributes were stronger predictors of turnover. Only one variable pertaining to the quality of correctional environment, facility's amount of care toward juveniles, was significantly related to turnover. In contrast to findings of previous research, dangerousness, gender, and tenure were not related to staff turnover. We discuss the implications of these results for correctional staffing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)332-356
Number of pages25
JournalJustice Quarterly
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

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